Centopéia - quilópode - Common Cryptops - Centipede Cryptops hortensis - Scolopendra hortensis - Cryptops aenariensis (Chilopoda - Scolopendromorpha - Cryptopidae) Biodiversidade, Biodiversity, Nature videos, Vídeos de Natureza, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Cryptopidae is a family of Scolopendromorph centipedes. Cryptopids are blind (lacking ocelli) and possess 21 pairs of legs as adults Cephalic plate ventral http://www.scolopendra.info/anatomy/fig_3_coxosternum.jpg 1st maxilla (a) Centipedes use the first maxilla and teeth on coxosternum for chewing and shaping prey. 2nd maxilla (b) Use for pre-shaping food and cleaning locomotory legs and antennomeres (see: dorsal brush). dorsal brush (c) These brushes are located on the last telopodites (tarsi) of second maxillae and are used like a "brush" for cleaning locomotory legs and antennomeres. original videos filmings, 3D modelings, arts animations created and directed by Diego da Cruz Pereira © DiegoDCvids
Views: 6086 DiegoDCvids
Centopéia (quilópode) - Centipede Cryptops hortensis (Chilopoda) Natureza, Vídeos de Natureza, Nature, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil The Scolopendromorpha comprise 21 or more segments with the same number of paired legs. Their antennae have 17 or more segments. Their eyes have at least 4 facets on each side. The order comprises the three families Cryptopidae, Scolopendridae and Scolopocryptopidae. Playlist: Myriapoda https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLJc7NDSasXA8KSDpFnYvoGAyrmqSKMRyI É com o veneno das suas picadas que a centopeia mata as suas presas, para depois se alimentar delas.Todas as centopeias são carnívoras original videos filmings, 3D modelings, arts animations created and directed by Diego da Cruz Pereira © DiegoDCvids
Views: 2796 DiegoDCvids
'living below soil level and often found when soil is dug. They have slender, yellowish-brown bodies ,(more orange I think!), up to 6cm long, adapted for moving through soil where they hunt for small insects. If disturbed they writhe in a snake-like manner.'
Views: 321 Kia Clarke
Common Cryptops – Cryptops hortensis - Margfætlur eru flokkur liðdýra af undirfylkingu fjölfætla. Einkenni margfætla er eitt par fóta á líkamshluta auk eitraða klóa fremst á líkamanum enda eru öll dýr í flokknum rándýr sem er óalgengt. Margfætlur eru yfirleitt grábrúnar með brún og rauð litbrigði, tegundir sem lifa í hellum eða neðanjarðar skortir oft litarefni og tegundir af scolopendromorphaættbálknum sem lifa í hitabeltinu eru oft með áberanti varnarliti. Lesa meira: https://is.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margf%C3%A6tlur The species is 20–30 millimetres (0.79–1.18 in) long and 1 millimetre (0.039 in) wide. It is pale brown coloured with 21 pairs of legs. The species can be found in gardens and woodland, and under stones and logs. See more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptop... Common Cryptops – Cryptops hortensis. This centipede has no eyes and is completely blind. See more: http://www.lightscapes.info/onewithna... Centipedes, millipedes and woodlice. Cryptops hortensis Cryptops hortensis is similar to the Garden Centipede, but it is much longer. The Garden Centipede has 15 pairs of legs, this species possesses 21 pairs. However it has no eyes. The colour of both species is identical and they are both fast runners. Cryptops hortensis belongs to a Centipede family which also is comprised of the biggest species, such as Scolopendra gigantea, a fierce creature reaching some 12", which eats mice, small birds and toads. Cryptops hortensis, the one we find in our garden however never gets any longer than some 1.1". After hatching the young are taken care of by their mom for some time. These young are born with all their feet. The Garden Centipede starts off with less legs than the 15 it finally gets, but adds a pair with every skin change. Even though the species below does appear in woodlands, it is mostly found in gardens. It is very common in England and Wales, but much scarcer in Scotland. See more: http://www.gardensafari.nl/english/ce... Centipedes are often confused with Millipedes as both have many pairs of legs and commonly both found in gardens. Centipede has 15, 21, or between 35 and 101 pairs of legs - but always an odd numbers of pairs. Lithobius variegatus is an exceptional centipede and a burrowing and active predator of soil animals - live a few centimetres deeper down in the soil and their slender shape allowing them to burrow, - Body shiny, flattened and orange briwn - 30 mm long - During the day they hide in the soil and can be found in the compost heaps or under stones and logs or in other dark places emerging at night to feed on wide range of small insects. This centipede which is widespread in garden soils in England - have one pair of legs per segmentare and the first pair of a centipedes legs is modified into poison injecting fangs that curve forward in front of the mouth and seize prey. They are skillful runners, are carnivores and use poison to paralyze prey. They defend themselves with cemicals - cyanide - and you can somtimes smell the whiff of almonds if you had one in a small pot. They hunt for insects, snails and worms and nibble on roots and can cause damage to the plants. Little is known about the breeding habits but Lithobius lay eggs singly in the surface layers of the soil. Young centipedes resemble the adults and gradually increase in size until they are fully mature. This may take 2-3 years and they live for several years. Lithobius are somtimes mistaken for soil pests known as Wireworms (beetle larvae with 3 pairs of legs towards the head.
Views: 191 Hellen Linda Drake
Common Cryptops – Cryptops hortensis and Woodlice in the garden in the rain... The species is 20–30 millimetres (0.79–1.18 in) long and 1 millimetre (0.039 in) wide. It is pale brown coloured with 21 pairs of legs. The species can be found in gardens and woodland, and under stones and logs. See more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptops_hortensis Common Cryptops – Cryptops hortensis. This centipede has no eyes and is completely blind. See more: http://www.lightscapes.info/onewithnature/natures-garden/centipedes-millipedes/common-cryptops-cryptops-hortensis/ Centipedes, millipedes and woodlice. See more: http://www.gardensafari.nl/english/centipedes.htm Centipedes are often confused with Millipedes as both have many pairs of legs and commonly both found in gardens. Centipede has 15, 21, or between 35 and 101 pairs of legs - but always an odd numbers of pairs. Lithobius variegatus is an exceptional centipede and a burrowing and active predator of soil animals - live a few centimetres deeper down in the soil and their slender shape allowing them to burrow, - Body shiny, flattened and orange briwn - 30 mm long - During the day they hide in the soil and can be found in the compost heaps or under stones and logs or in other dark places emerging at night to feed on wide range of small insects. This centipede which is widespread in garden soils in England - have one pair of legs per segmentare and the first pair of a centipedes legs is modified into poison injecting fangs that curve forward in front of the mouth and seize prey. They are skillful runners, are carnivores and use poison to paralyze prey. They defend themselves with cemicals - cyanide - and you can somtimes smell the whiff of almonds if you had one in a small pot. They hunt for insects, snails and worms and nibble on roots and can cause damage to the plants. Little is known about the breeding habits but Lithobius lay eggs singly in the surface layers of the soil. Young centipedes resemble the adults and gradually increase in size until they are fully mature. This may take 2-3 years and they live for several years. Lithobius are somtimes mistaken for soil pests known as Wireworms (beetle larvae with 3 pairs of legs towards the head. Woodlice breath through lungs on their hind legs. These lungs must always be kept moist, otherwise they don't work. Woodlice is thus always found in rather damp conditions. Long hot summers may kill many of them. Woodlice make up a rather uniform group of small animals. The smallest is around 0.5 centimeters. The biggest species don't grow over 2 centimeters. The best way to find woodlice is in damp places, such as old cellars, or under rocks or logs. It is common to find several species together. Grálodda - Viðarlús - Oniscus asellus er ein algengasta viðalúsin eða Gráloddan í Englandi. Hún verður um 14 mm að lengd með liðskiptan líkama enda er hún af krabbaætt. Þær lifa í raka og skugga og er helst að finna undir steinum og föllnum rotnandi trjám. Helsta fæðan þerra eru rotnandi jurtaleifum og fara á stjá á nóttunni en fela sig á daginn fyrir sólinni á rökum stöðum. Önnur Ensk tegund er Knattlodda - Pill Woodlouse - Armadillidium vulgare - sem verður 11 mm að lengd og er auðþekkjanleg af því að hún er eina tegundin sem rúllar sér saman í kúlu ef hún verður fyrir ónæði eða verður hrædd. http://www.ni.is/poddur/hus/poddur/nr/1084 Þúsundfætlan er liðfætla sem lifir í jarðveginum og er helst að finna undir steinum og trjádrumbum. Þessi tegund þúsundfætlu er rándýr og notar eitrið - cyanide - eða blásýru til að lama bráð sína. Blásýra angar af möndlulykt og ef þúsundfætla er sett í lokað box í smá tíma má finna veikan möndlu angan. Þær lifa helst á alskonar skordýrum , sniglum og ormum en leggjast einnig á plönturætur og geta valdið nokkrum skemmdum ef mikið er af þeim. Þær hafa fundist á 35. sm dýpi við að naga rætur. http://www.ni.is/poddur/flokkun/krabbadyr/ http://www.gardensafari.nl/english/centipedes.htm http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=7LoH0i8qK9IC&pg=PA49&lpg=PA49&dq=Millipede+Haplophilus&source=bl&ots=HEBZPyiNBO&sig=2IhcBx844Hy-nHvcRHORVXcNERc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mwlVT9DPKseK0AXcwfH7Cw&sqi=2&ved=0CCAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Millipede%20Haplophilus&f=false Centipede - Cryptops - Margfætla.
Views: 593 Hellen Linda Drake
Noch lässt sich "Natur" beobachten - wie lange wohl noch? Dem Skolopender (Cryptops hortensis) fehlen Augen. Er ist gelbrot bis rotbraun gefärbt. Häufig kommt er in Laubwäldern am Boden unter Steinen oder Holzstücken vor. In Mitteleuropa ist er weit verbreitet und meist nicht selten. Heiko Bellmann "Kosmos-Atlas Spinnentiere Europas 2.Auflage 2001; Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH&Co Stuttgart; S. 280 Mitte; ISBN 3-440-09071-X
Views: 162 Boris Karl Holger Schnebele
Centipedes are arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes Millipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Centipedes are elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment. Scientific name: Chilopoda Phylum: Arthropoda Rank: Class Class: Chilopoda; Latreille, 1817 Kingdom: Animalia Higher classification: Myriapoda Scolopendra gigantea, also known as the Peruvian giant yellow-leg centipede or Amazonian giant centipede, is one of the largest centipedes of the genus Scolopendra with a length up to 30 centimetres (12 in). Kingdom: Animalia Scientific name: Scolopendra gigantea Order: Scolopendromorpha Class: Chilopoda Higher classification: Scolopendra The poison emitted by the bite of Scolopendra gigantea is strong enough to seriously wound a human. Centipedes have maxillipeds with which they attack prey. These are the venomous modified legs of the centipede's first segment and can be used in defense, as well. A centipede bite can kill small prey, but typically is not life threatening to humans. Cryptopid Centipede - (Theatops californiensis) This giant centipede can exceed in length and is capable of taking prey as large as rodents and even bats.
Views: 1255 Top Most 22
They can be found under stones, inside humid soil or rotting wood. Centipedes of the Geophilidae are small arthropods with uncountable many legs, possessing one pair of them per visible segment. As in all centipedes, the first of those pairs of legs is modified into a prehensile organ to catch its prey. Venomous glands inside those specific legs make the caught animals quickly defenceless. Although the whole body morphology reminds to bigger centipedes,such as Scolopendra, the behavior to move is quite different. This footage clearly shows that the geophilid specimen is able to walk forward as well and as elegant than as backwards. When it feels threatened, it starts moving permanently in both directions. Doing so, it is able to break down the outlines of its body, thus being only hardly visible for putative enemies. Additionally predators are prevented to recognize the very sensitive forebody. The mechanism might also be effective when hunting its prey, as geophilids, like all centipedes, represent predators themselves. Myriapoda consist of centipedes and diplopods. Both groups are known as sometimes acting as carriers for mites. Especially mites of the Astigmata can be regularly found on Myriapoda. They do not harm their carriers and appear as passangers instead. It's a dispersal strategy. The specimen from Vladivostock (undetermined species) carried numerous deutonymphs of Acaridae attached to its legs. These mites are well visible in this film in a stereomicroscopic magnification. This geophilid specimen from East Siberia was collected in a so called botanical garden in Vladivostok. Unlike the usual botanical gardens in other areas of the world, this one does not consist of artificial crops, but in fact represents a fenced wilderness, mainly a wooded area. The geophilid was found there inside samples of rotting wood, collected by the colleague Andrei Tolstikov/ Tyumen/ Russia.
Views: 904 Stefan F. Wirth
interesting centipede living in black lava soil in Garden Planter Beds, usually i see a different kind....brown and shorter. Its as if hes blind but he can sense my hand and objects... maybe it has some kind of radar sensing ability. I think many blind soil dwelling critters have this ability even salamander, but this is my speculation...... This centipede is almost like a snake. I hope to find out what specific one he is. Worldwide there are estimated to be 8,000 species of centipede, of which 3,000 have been described. They have a reasonably long life for an insect. The European Lithobius forficatus centipede can live for 5 or 6 years.
Views: 1297 Lee Ann Conner
Class chilopoda and Diplopoda are worm like creatures , It come under Phylum Arthropoda. Chilopoda has poison glands whose paralysing the pray on which it feeds while Diplopoda feed on decaying vegetable and may attack live plants in mist soil. This vidio will help you to easy preparation for ASRB NET , ARS, JRF, SRF, PhD. All the important point with image show you to make understand for the Agricultural Entomology competitive exam.
Views: 183 Victoria Naorem
J'ai eu la chance de filmer ce combat. C'est la première fois que je vois un centipede du genre Luthobius passer à l'attaque. Ma chaine de musiques Arthrolectro: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCM8hTvrEYJ8oURiI9pV1r0g/ La première musique dans cette vidéo n'est pas en ligne Seconde musique: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BXYWav9zI8A Troisième musique : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4G2_S2EMB-8 J'ai un petit écosystème personnalisé dans mon terrarium avec des cloportes, Porcellio scaber, Porcellio spinicornis, Oniscus asellus et Trachelipus rathkii. Des iules et des polydesmus comme millipedes et des collemboles. Je vais peut être daire des suivis dessus.
Views: 961 Fight Animals
Like on a theater stage, this fascinating arthropod is lighted inside its dark environment. That way, a high contrast emphasizes in a very close macro view all details of this beautiful animal. The Scolopendromorpha represent a monophyletic group (= clade) within the centipedes. As predatory myriapods, the scolopenders are hunting during the night. Their eyes therefore were reduced into small groups single ocelli. Their very movable antennae are often used to attract other arthropods and also small vertebrates. Finally, Scolopendra overwhelms its prey, which it kills due to a bite with a specific prey-catching organ. It's the first pair of legs, which in all centipedes is modified to insert venom into the prey. In the Scolopendromorpha, also the last pair of legs evolved into a specific structure: a forceps-like defensive organ. The specimen in my footage used mandibles and the modified first legs to clean its antennae and maxillae. Thereby maxillae supported the cleaning of mandibles and antennae. Such cleaning behaviors are important characters of arthropods. All limbs must always work effectively and need to remain viable. The articulations of the mandibles are well visible during these cleaning activities. They move rhythmically. Myriapods generally are often carriers for phoretic mites and nematodes. The specimen in my footage had some very small mites attached to its antennae, legs and its back part of the head. These are specific phoretic stages of astigmatid mites. In this case, the mites represent the Astigmata-family Histiostomatidae. It might be Histiostoma laboratorium, which artificially ascended this Scolopendra specimen under my laboratory conditions. They obviously came from neighbouring mite-cultures into the terrarium of this Scolopendra specimen. It is unknown, which mites Scolopendra cingulata carries under natural conditions. Such a deutonymph needs to be called a "phoretic instar", because it differs from other mite stages of the same species by morphological modifications. They represent adaptations to survive a transport by a bigger arthropod such as our Scolopendra: The mite-cuticle is thicker and protects against desiccation, and different kinds of suckers on the underside of the deutonymphs enable them to hold on to their carriers. The Myriapoda might represent the sister-group of Crustaceans, including the insects. Myriapods possess some archaic characters, such as the homonomous body division into identically shaped segments. Within the Myriapoda a great variability of shapes and ways of living evolved. They breath via a system of chitinous tubes, which are called spiracles. They are well visible in this footage. When the Scolopendra needs to perform insense activities, they additionally support the passive diffusion of oxygen by active breathing movements. They are once visible in this video. The openings, where the air enters the system of spiracles are called stigmata. They are located on the side body of Scolopendra and are well visible in this footage.
Views: 1037 Stefan F. Wirth
There are many different millipede species and they can have anywhere from dozens to hundreds of legs. Despite their many legs they actually move pretty slowly compared to their cousin, the centipede. The most common pest millipede in South Carolina is the garden millipede. The garden millipede is grey/brown in color and grows to just under an inch long. Millipedes feed mostly on dead leaf and plant debris. They can be a problem in the garden when they attack seedlings and young tender plants. Their normal habitat includes moist areas around the outside of your house, under wood piles, rock piles, mulch, stepping stones, potted plants and other stored items near or against the house. Heavy rains will often drive millipedes inside. They migrate by the hundreds in search of better conditions when changes to their present environment make it less inhabitable. They are actually good climbers and can be found crawling up exterior and interior walls when migrating. There is no risk of being bitten by a millipede, unlike the centipede that can inflict a painful venomous bite. Be aware though, millipedes can emit a foul smelling defense fluid when handled or crushed. The fluid can cause an allergic reaction in some people and is a harmful irritant to the eyes. You may find dead millipedes piled up in corners of your home even if no pesticide was used. Millipedes need moisture to survive and will not live long under dry conditions.
Views: 431 Shailesh Somani
Millipedes are a group of arthropods that are characterised by having two pairs of jointed legs on most body segments; they are known scientifically as the class Diplopoda, the name being derived from this feature. Each double-legged segment is a result of two single segments fused together. Most millipedes have very elongated cylindrical or flattened bodies with more than 20 segments, while pill millipedes are shorter and can roll into a ball. Although the name "millipede" derives from the Latin for "thousand feet", no known species has 1,000; the record of 750 legs belongs to Illacme plenipes. There are approximately 12,000 named species classified into 16 orders and around 140 families, making Diplopoda the largest class of myriapods, an arthropod group which also includes centipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Millipedes show a diversity of mating styles and structures. In the basal order Polyxenida (bristle millipedes), mating is indirect: males deposit spermatophores onto webs they secrete with special glands, and the spermatophores are subsequently picked up by females. In all other millipede groups, males possess one or two pairs of modified legs called gonopods which are used to transfer sperm to the female during copulation. The location of the gonopods differs between groups: in males of the Pentazonia they are located at the rear of the body and known as telopods and may also function in grasping females, while in the Helminthomorpha – the vast majority of species – they are located on the seventh body segment. A few species are parthenogenetic, having few, if any, males. Gonopods occur in a diversity of shapes and sizes, and in the range from closely resembling walking legs to complex structures quite unlike legs at all. In some groups, the gonopods are kept retracted within the body; in others they project forward parallel to the body. Gonopod morphology is the predominant means of determining species among millipedes: the structures may differ greatly between closely related species but very little within a species. The gonopods develop gradually from walking legs through successive moults until reproductive maturity. Growth stages Growth stages of Nemasoma (Nemasomatidae), which reaches reproductive maturity in stage VThe genital openings (gonopores) of both sexes are located on the underside of the third body segment (near the second pair of legs) and may be accompanied in the male by one or two penes which deposit the sperm packets onto the gonopods. In the female, the genital pores open into paired small sacs called cyphopods or vulvae, which are covered by small hood-like lids, and are used to store the sperm after copulation. The cyphopod morphology can also be used to identify species. Millipede sperm lack flagella, a unique trait among myriapods. In all except the bristle millipedes, copulation occurs with the two individuals facing one another. Copulation may be preceded by male behaviours such as tapping with antennae, running along the back of the female, offering edible glandular secretions, or in the case of some pill-millipedes, stridulation or "chirping". During copulation in most millipedes, the male positions his seventh segment in front of the female's third segment, and may insert his gonopods to extrude the vulvae before bending his body to deposit sperm onto his gonopods and reinserting the "charged" gonopods into the female. Females lay from ten to three hundred eggs at a time, depending on species, fertilising them with the stored sperm as they do so. Many species deposit the eggs on moist soil or organic detritus, but some construct nests lined with dried faeces, and may protect the eggs within silk cocoons. In most species, the female abandons the eggs after they are laid, but some species in the orders Platydesmida and Stemmiulida provide parental care for eggs and young. The young hatch after a few weeks, and typically have only three pairs of legs, followed by up to four legless segments. As they grow, they continually moult, adding further segments and legs as they do so. Some species moult within specially prepared chambers of soil or silk, and may also shelter in these during wet weather, and most species eat the discarded exoskeleton after moulting. The adult stage, when individuals become reproductively mature, is generally reached in the final moult stage, which varies between species and orders, although some species continue to moult after adulthood. Furthermore, some species alternate between reproductive and non-reproductive stages after maturity, a phenomenon known as periodomorphosis, in which the reproductive structures regress during non-reproductive stages. Millipedes may live from one to ten years, depending on species
Views: 45 Khanh Pham Hoang
A centipede exploring damp soil in a garden in Oxfordshire, UK, Filmed in macro mode, close up and in HD using my Panasonic Lumix TZ8 camera. Please visit my other channels: http://www.youtube.com/meerkatist http://www.youtube.com/glenharfield http://www.youtube.com/placesivevisited http://www.youtube.com/headchins http://www.youtube.com/altermation
Views: 540 Quagmi
Kodachadri trip - Nov 2010 Scolopendra hardwickei described by Newport in the mid XIX century Since then, the latest scientific description of its morphology appeared in 1930 in his work "Dss Tierreich: Myriopoda 2. Scolopendromorpha" by Dr. Graf Attems. For many farmers known as the most beautiful pigmented species. Sam I admit that this is a colored species najokazalej I've ever seen, but unfortunately not available in trade at the moment, Europe has it a person with whom I know. The uniqueness of this species is due to an exceptionally bright and contrasting coloration, alternating red and dark orange and deep black segments with distinct boundary between them, complemented by dark orange turning to red legs, the last two pairs at the ends of the endearingly dark. Adults reach up to 16cm in length. Antennas count 17 or 18 members, of which the first 6-7 is shiny. Occurrence Species are extremely popular in the south Indian peninsula and is very rare on the islands of Nicobar and very, very rare in Sumatra. Synonyms Scolopendra bicolor (Humbert, 1865) Scolopendra histrionica (CL Koch, 1847) Trivia In the interest deserves extremely attractive colors of this species. Segments 2, 4, 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17 and 19 and the final episodes of last pair of legs are raven black, the other segments of the intensely orange. Temperature and Humidity Day temperatures 22-28 ° C at night from 1918 to 1921 ° C. Relative humidity 70-80%. Terrarium The minimum size for an adult is 30x20 at the base, and height greater than the length of the individual. A thick layer of substrate, preferably peat or coir mixed with sand and vermiculite. Decor is a compulsory part of the water bowl and hide (a piece of bark, stone, etc). Additionally, you can add plants or other design elements as you wish. Multiplication None reported. Development Prepared by: justGreg 2007 based on personal experience and literature: Dr. Graf Attems. 1930. Myriopoda. 2. Das Tierreich - Scolopendromorpha; JGE Lewis. 1981. The biology of centipedes, Cambridge University Press
Views: 11922 Surendra Gowda
Cobra Snake found inside scooter | Rescued by Viper RANJIT | WGWCT 3 feet SPECTACLED COBRA snake found inside a scooter. Viper RANJIT spent more then an hour to rescue the snake safely and released it into the forest. @coimbatore, tamil nadu. THE SPECTACLED COBRA The Indian cobra varies tremendously in colour and pattern throughout its range. The ventral scales or the underside colouration of this species can be grey, yellow, tan, brown, reddish or black. Dorsal scales of the Indian cobra may have a hood mark or colour patterns. The most common visible pattern is a posteriorly convex light band at the level of the 20th to 25th ventrals. Salt-and-pepper speckles, especially in adult specimens, are seen on the dorsal scales. Specimens, particularly those found in Sri Lanka may exhibit poorly defined banding on the dorsum. Ontogenetic colour change is frequently observed in specimens in the north-western parts of their geographic range (southern Pakistan and north-western India). In southern Pakistan, juvenile specimens may be grey in colour and may or may not have a hood mark. Adults on the other hand are typically uniformly black in colour on top (melanistic), while the underside, outside the throat region, is usually light. Patterns on the throat and ventral scales are also variable in this species. The majority of specimens exhibit a light throat area followed by dark banding, which can be 4–7 ventral scales wide. Adult specimens also often exhibit a significant amount of mottling on the throat and on the venter, which makes patterns on this species less clear relative to patterns seen in other species of cobra. With the exception of specimens from the north-west, there is often a pair of lateral spots on the throat where the ventral and dorsal scales meet. The positioning of these spots varies, with north-western specimens having the spots positioned more anterior, while specimens from elsewhere in their range are more posterior. Many specimens exhibit a hood mark. This hood mark is located at the rear of the Indian cobra's hood. When the hood mark is present, are two circular ocelli patterns connected by a curved line, evoking the image of spectacles. Snake catcher : Viper Ranjit Video Credit : Amir Edited By : Sathish R (M2 Studio) Regards #WGWCT (Western Ghats Wildlife Conservation Trust) Subscribe us: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTjy... Follow us: http://www.facebook.com/wgwct.org
Views: 310 WGWCT