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Mining for Salt | How to Make Everything
 
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While in Utah, I got a chance to explore many different sources of salt. First off from a mine! Thanks to Darryl Bosshardt and Redmond Inc. (http://redmondinc.com/) for providing us access to their salt mine. If interested, you can buy and try their salt here: https://goo.gl/oPnz26 || In This Video || Real Salt: https://goo.gl/oPnz26 Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/S8Squ8 || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Sandy Riis, Daniel Laux, Stian Andreassen, Stephan Schmidt, Susan M. George, Alex Stevenson, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Christina Freeman, Liz Roth, Winfield Jones, Justin Finton, Uwe Schmidt, Jack Scott || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com
Views: 390150 How To Make Everything
What Happens When You Boil The Ocean?
 
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If you took the WATER out of SALT WATER, would it just leave SALT? Today we're finding out! Gallon Container: http://amzn.to/2r29bFL Stockpot: http://amzn.to/2pGKsTl Sea Salt and Vinegar Chips: http://amzn.to/2r8Wzc8 Sea Salt and Cracked Pepper: http://amzn.to/2pGkBKy Endcard Links: Butane Rockets: https://goo.gl/GaaBu6 Lighter Bomb: https://goo.gl/G84XIL Metal Melter: https://goo.gl/jolsPz Will Frozen Gasoline Burn: https://goo.gl/kmkx6o Business Inquiries: For business and sponsorship inquiries please contact us directly: https://www.youtube.com/thekingofrandom/about See What Else I’m Up To: Instagram: https://goo.gl/C0Q1YU Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBTheKingOfRandom Pinterest: http://bit.ly/pingrant Music by: JJD - "Future [NCS Release]" Video Link: https://youtu.be/n1ddqXIbpa8 Download: http://NCS.lnk.to/Future WARNING: This video is only for entertainment purposes. If you rely on the information portrayed in this video, you assume the responsibility for the results. Have fun, but always think ahead, and remember that every project you try is at YOUR OWN RISK.
Views: 10476556 The King of Random
Can You Melt Obsidian and Cast a Sword?
 
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Help us get to 10,000 Followers on Instagram: https://instagram.com/htmeverything Support us on Patreon so I can break more kilns! https://patreon.com/HTME I took some user comments way to seriously and figured out what it would take to melt obsidian and sand cast it into a sword. Thanks for FOCI Glass Studio for their help with this project. They are a Non-Profit Studio in Minneapolis which teaches Glass Blowing Classes from Beginner to Expert! https://www.mnglassart.org || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Tim Reiche, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Liam pinkney, Stephan Becker, Lana Sinapayen, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Meinhard Absalon, Coby Tang, Christina Freeman, Conner Hitchcock, Jason Kaczmarsky, Avinash Rajaraman || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com
Views: 15051953 How To Make Everything
Copenhagen Atomics - Salt Loop & Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy - Delft Demo
 
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http://www.copenhagenatomics.com/ demonstrated their 40L molten salt loop... https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B077782YD6/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=B077782YD6&linkCode=as2&tag=copenhagen-atomics-salt-loop-20&linkId=db987c1077f2dbefac898b179937ff00 ...and a technology that the salt loop enables Copenhagen Atomics to test with molten salts: "Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy". In order of appearance: - Thomas Jam Pedersen (MSc. Mathematical Modelling DTU & UT at Austin) - Aslak Stubsgaard (Reactor Physics, University of Aarhus) - Thomas Steenberg (PhD in Chemistry and Material science DTU & Danish Power Systems) The demo and corresponding Delft talks took place 2017-11-19 (Nov 19th, 2017): http://buccaneerdelft.com/event/thorium-molten-salt-reactors-with-on-site-demonstration/
Views: 4499 gordonmcdowell
how to refine silver from unwanted metal deecting finds
 
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This is my first attempt ,I made a mess but I was happy with the result . this was a very interesting to learn. Don't worry I will not melt anything old , I detect to save and preserve history. I am only melting modern jewelry ,common or newer flat ware, and coins that are ''cookied '' ( found in salt water and is flaking apart to the point of crumbling as you handle it)
Views: 17108 William Watts
Put Himalayan Salt Lamp In Your Bedroom And This Will Happen
 
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You don’t know what you’re missing if you’ve never owned a Himalayan salt lamp. It’s like having an open window – a softly glowing natural source of fresh, clean air – on your desk, in your living room, next to the bed, or anywhere you choose to put it. Himalayan salt lamps are made from pure, food grade, Himalayan salt crystals and can even be powdered to use as salt in recipes if needed. These beautiful lamps have gained massive popularity recently and there are many benefits attributed to them. Here are some of the most popular benefits of using Himalayan salt lamp. 1.Neutralize Electromagnetic Radiation. Everyday appliances such as televisions, cell phones, computers and tablets release positive ions into the air constantly. These and other common electronics can cause an overflow of electromagnetic radiation which, although invisible, is believed to cause some serious long-term effects. Constant exposure to electromagnetic radiation is known primarily to cause fatigue, increase stress and weaken the immune system. Himalayan salt lamps emit negative ions and cancel out positive ones. Therefore, by neutralizing electromagnetic-radiation, they help reduce artificial frequencies and even prevent static buildup. 2.Cleanse, Deodorize, and Purify Air. Himalayan pink salt lamps help clean the air through an operation called Hygroscopy, which attracts and absorbs contaminated water molecules from the immediate environment and locks them into the salt crystal. The process has the amazing ability to remove cigarette smoke, dust and other contaminants from the air. This benefit is particularly popular, as salty air acts as an overall health booster and can help clear the air passages. 3.Better Sleep. Over-exposure to positive ions reduces the brain’s blood and oxygen supply, which can lead to irregular sleeping patterns. The negative ions from a Himalayan salt lamp are said to reverse this effect, making them a popular sleep-aid. Also, in direct relation to chromotherapy, the soothing light can help people who suffer from insomnia. Plants too can help. 4.Raise Energy Levels. Positive ions deplete the body of energy, and it is believed that Himalayan salt lamps can actually do the opposite. The negative ions increase energy levels, which yields a refreshing effect similar to the feeling of rejuvenation achieved from spending time in nature.  5.Boost Blood Flow. Particular studies have suggested that negative ions, such as those emitted by Himalayan salt lamps, can accelerate blood flow. This boost helps to improve several disorders of the vascular system and can prevent certain damage to the lungs.  6.Enhance Mood. Many studies suggest that negative ions improve mood and energy levels by increasing serotonin in the brain. Therefore, Himalayan salt lamps can benefit people suffering from seasonal affective disorder and other forms of depression.  When it comes to buying Himalayan pink salt lamps, coverage is determined by the size of the crystal. Smaller lamps are good for the average bedroom, while larger lamp are better for spaces like the living room or den. On average, 1 lb of Himalayan Pink Salt crystal will cleanse the air in approximately a 4′ x 4′ area. NOTE: The materials and the information contained on Natural ways channel are provided for general and educational purposes only and do not constitute any legal, medical or other professional advice on any subject matter. None of the information on our videos is a substitute for a diagnosis and treatment by your health professional. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new diet or treatment and with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provide. Images licensed under Creative Commons: www.wikihow.com canstockphoto.com www.pixabay.com Pinterest
Views: 424456 Natural Ways
To determine Boiling point And Cooling Point of a liquid
 
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Views: 21759 Study Adda
All about Mercury, the Liquid Metal | Element Series
 
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In this video, I'll be talking about the very interesting element Mercury. I try to cover as much as I can, including its properties, its history and interesting reactions. Let me know what other element you would like to see. Keep in mind that this takes a lot of work though, and that not all elements will be possible (due to rarity and/or danger). Let me know if I forgot anything in the description. I probably left out links or something. ------------------------------------------ Previous aluminum amalgam video: https://youtu.be/IrdYueB9pY4 Video Sources: Freezing Mercury (Periodic Videos): https://youtu.be/5I4rxfnCtxY Hand in mercury (Cody's Lab): https://youtu.be/qNx2bJUctRE Mercury Distillation: https://youtu.be/d6SahlAFV-w Mercury Vapor (Periodic Videos): https://youtu.be/7ZT7xqwk84E Mercury Switches: https://youtu.be/EfV2jg1qeyY Mercury Conductivity Test: https://youtu.be/2surKq6vwoM Pharaoh's Serpent (original): https://youtu.be/2dhHpHOgrUI Mercury Nitrate: https://youtu.be/PSDpgBOtSNY Pharaoh's Serpent 4K: https://youtu.be/vQdK7gaZS0k Outro music: https://soundcloud.com/sorrysines ------------------------------------------ NileRed Shop: www.nilered.ca Facebook: https://goo.gl/uyxvJV Instagram: https://goo.gl/z4hFse Patreon: https://goo.gl/3h353G
Views: 3149057 NileRed
Chromium Facts & Uses | How Chromium is Made | Properties & Things made from Chromium Cr
 
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Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24. It is the first element in group 6. It is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point. Chromium is not found as a free element in nature but is found in the form of ores. The main ore of chromium is chromite FeCr2O4. To isolate the metal commercially, chromite ore is oxidized to chromium(III) oxide (Cr2O3). The metal is then obtained by heating the oxide in the presence of aluminum or silicon. In the metallurgical industry, chromium is an important component of stainless steels and various metal alloys. Metal joint prostheses made of chromium alloys are widely used in clinical orthopedics. Atomic number 24 Atomic mass 51.996 Group 6; Period 4; Block d Melting point 1907°C, 3465°F, 2180 K Boiling point 2671°C, 4840°F, 2944 K Chromium is a blue-white metal that is hard, brittle and very corrosion resistant. Chromium is a fairly active metal. It does not react with water, but reacts with most acids. Chromium combines with oxygen at room temperature to form chromium oxide. Chromium oxide forms a thin layer on the surface of the metal, protecting it from further corrosion. Chromium does not tarnish in air, when heated it burns and forms the green chromic oxide. Chromium is unstable in oxygen, it immediately produces a thin oxide layer that is impermeable to oxygen and protects the metal. Chromium has three naturally occurring, stable isotopes, Cr-52, Cr-53, and Cr-54. Chromium is the 22nd most abundant element found on the Earth's crust, but it never occurs as a free metal. It is mainly extracted from the mines as chromite ore. Ferrochromium and metallic chromium are the two chief products made from mining. Chromium metal is usually produced by reducing chromite with carbon in an electric-arc furnace, or reducing chromium (III) oxide with aluminium or silicon. Some forms of chromium are non-toxic, while Chromium (VI) is both toxic and carcinogenic. Chromium compounds are used as industrial catalysts and pigments. Chromium salts are used as wood preservative. These salts are toxic to termites, beetles, and decay fungi. Chromium is part of the alloy stainless steel, which is used to make silverware. Synthetic ruby gets their red color from chromium. Stainless steel is hard and resists corrosion due to the addition of chromium. Chromium is used as a coloring agent in paints. Chromic oxide mixed in glass to make green colored bottles. Used as a pigment in dyes to give vibrant colors Synthetic or artificial rubies are made by doping chromium (III) into synthetic corundum crystals. Chromium salts have been used since early times in the tanning of leather Stainless steel is hard and resists corrosion due to the addition of chromium. Chromium (III) is what gives natural rubies their red color The Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Mo., covered with a stainless steel skin made with chromium. Chromium is used as a pigment in paints. Acidic chromate or dichromate solutions are also used for surface coating. Chromium used as a mordant in Textile industry. Chromium is remarkable for its magnetic properties: it is the only elemental solid which shows antiferromagnetic (non magnetic) ordering at room temperature (and below). Above 38 °C, it transforms into a paramagnetic (attracted to a magnet) state. This is a demonstration. Chromium was discovered by Louis-Nicholas Vauquelin while experimenting with a material known as Siberian red lead, also known as the mineral crocoite (PbCrO4), in 1797. He produced chromium oxide (CrO3) by mixing crocoite with hydrochloric acid (HCl).
Views: 3199 Top Most 22
How are rock salt and solar salt used in deicing?
 
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Rock and solar salt as deicers. On the whole, solar salt is going to be pretty comparable to rock salt in its ice melting effectiveness. There is no particular ice melting performance advantage to solar salt over rock salt. Visit www.cargilldeicing.com for more answers to your winter maintenance questions
Melting a rock
 
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Paul Woskov, a senior research engineer at MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), is using a gyrotron, a specialized radio-frequency (RF) wave generator developed for fusion research, to explore how millimeter RF waves can open holes through hard rock by melting or vaporizing it. Penetrating deep into hard rock is necessary to access virtually limitless geothermal energy resources, to mine precious metals or explore new options for nuclear waste storage. The film clips show a granite sample being hit with a 28 GHz gyrotron beam of about 2 kW coming in from the top. In the first clip the beam is turned on and you see the rock glow start and increase in intensity. There are yellow flame-like flashes of plasma breakdown. In the second clip, the airflow down the waveguide with the beam is increased and there are no flashes of plasma. Preventing plasma breakdown in the path of the gyrotron beam improves the efficiency of heating the rock sample.
How to Make Bismuth Crystals
 
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Bismuth ingots can be purchased here (this is an affiliate link): http://ebay.to/1iwwqji Bismuth is non-toxic and has a number of very interesting properties. For best results I recommend using at least 4 or 5 pounds of bismuth for the surface crystallization method demonstrated in the video. The deeper the pool of bismuth is in the pan the better, because the crystals will have extra room to grow before they touch the bottom. The more you use the more impressive your results will be. Some of you that are familiar with other forms of crystal formation may be thinking I gave bad advice when I state in the video that you can move the crystals as they grow. Usual crystal growth requires a very still solution with no movement, and a very slow cool down period. I did quite a lot of experimenting with this method and found that bismuth does not behave quite the same way. Once the crystals have begun forming it does not seem to matter if they are moved so long as they remain submerged. Further structured growth happens regardless of disturbance once there is a point to nucleate from. You may also notice that I was not wearing gloves for a portion of the video, that was foolish of me. I was wearing eye protection the entire time. Leather gloves (not synthetic!) and lab goggles should always be worn in case of splashes or spills. If you would like to skip the process of making your own crystals, you can buy them already made here (another affiliate link): http://ebay.to/1BIvj2C Music: Minimal - Soundaround -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Check out my latest video: "How To View Invisible Air Currents With Lasers" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K94Cc21KEIA -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 4058247 NightHawkInLight
Dissolving Gold in Mercury
 
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Follow me on Instagram: https://goo.gl/5oQiWQ Follow me on Twitter: https://goo.gl/uCmnV4 ----------------------------------------- Okay, so we are not truly dissolving the gold, we are actually forming an alloy between the gold and the mercury (called an amalgam). This process is not only cool to look at, but it also is really useful to extract gold from ore. The gold-mercury amalgam can then be isolated and the mercury is boiled off or removed chemically. This leaves behind relatively pure gold. Outro music: https://soundcloud.com/sorrysines
Views: 1336111 NileRed
Solubility Of Gold In Mercury?
 
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I run some tests to see how much gold I can get to dissolve in mercury as well as measure the density of the resulting liquid. measuring density of small things: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Hpg214Kk_U music by Dan Wurtzbacher at www.ddubbAUDIO.com Help me make videos by donating here: https://www.patreon.com/CodysLab
Views: 553817 Cody'sLab
Solubility in Hot and Cold Water | English
 
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On a hot summer day we feel like drinking something cold. And if the drink is it is sweet it so much better. Today we will examine whether SUGAR dissolves more in cold water or in hot water. Take two glasses. Fill one with cold water and the second with hot water. Drop a sugar cube in each glass. Then wait and see in which glass the cube dissolves first. You will see that there is much more activity in hot as compared to cold water. The sugar cube will dissolve much more quickly in hot water. If you don’t have sugar cubes you can repeat this experiment with ordinary sugar. We will repeat the cold and hot experiment now with SALT. Place a teaspoon of salt both in the hot and cold glass. See in which glass the salt dissolves first. This time your observations will be different. Does the salt dissolve quickly in hot water? Observe carefully and try and answer why? This work is supported by IUCAA (www.iucaa.in) and TATA Trust (www.tata.com/aboutus/sub_index/Tata-trusts) Credits:,Ashok Rupner, Manish Jain, Pradnya Pujari, Shivaji Mane, Jyoti Hiremath, Arvind Gupta, Vidula Mhaiskar TATA Trust: Education is one of the key focus areas for Tata Trusts, aiming towards enabling access of quality education to the underprivileged population in India. To facilitate quality in teaching and learning of Science education through workshops, capacity building and resource creation, Tata Trusts have been supporting Muktangan Vigyan Shodhika (MVS), IUCAA's Children’s Science Centre, since inception. To know more about other initiatives of Tata Trusts, please visit www.tatatrusts.org
Views: 31703 Arvind Gupta
How To Make Dry Ice At Home In Hindi - Easy
 
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how to make dry dry ice at home in Hindi very easy method - what is dry ice - Dry Ice is the common name for solid carbon dioxide (CO2). It gets this name because it does not melt into a liquid when heated; instead, it changes directly into a gas (This process is known as sublimation). As Ireland’s premier dry ice specialist, Polar Ice provides dry ice solutions for a diverse range of customers, in areas such as: Hospitals & Clinics Food Processing & Distribution Industrial Cleaning and Technical Processes Theatrical and Special Effects how to make dry ice - It is manufactured by compressing and cooling gaseous CO2 under high pressure to initially produce liquid CO2. The liquid is then allowed to expand under a reduced pressure to produce CO2 snow, and finally, this snow is compressed by a hydraulic press into convenient Dry Ice blocks, slices or pellets. The density of the compressed CO2 snow depends on the applied pressure and the pressure time. The density of the Dry Ice block can reach maximum at a temperature of -78.64°C.
Views: 2208272 MR. INDIAN HACKER
How To Make Your Own Salt Crystals
 
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This guide shows you How To Make Salt Crystals Watch This and Other Related films here: http://www.videojug.com/film/how-to-make-salt-crystals Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=Videojugeducation Check Out Our Channel Page: http://www.youtube.com/user/Videojugeducation Like Us On Facebook! https://www.facebook.com/videojug Follow Us On Twitter! http://www.twitter.com/videojug
Views: 538629 Two-Point-Four
Density
 
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Just like all matter water has physical properties that can be measured and calculated. To find the mass of water you will need a beaker and a scale. First find the mass of the empty beaker. Next, fill up the beaker to your desired amount. Then use the scale to find the mass of the filled beaker. To find the mass of just the water, subtract the mass of the empty beaker from the full beaker. Our sample is 100 grams. The volume of water can be measured using a graduated cylinder. Our sample is 100ml. Density is calculated by dividing the mass by the volume. Plug in our measured mass at 100 grams and divide that by our measured volume of 100 ml. Water's density is 1 g/ml. Objects with a density greater than 1g/ml will sink when placed in water. Objects with a density less than one will float when placed in water. If a block has a density of 0.1g/cm3 it will float because it's density is less than 1. Another block with a density of 0.5g/cm3 will also float because its density is less than 1. Notice that more of the block is below the waterline. A block with a density of 0.9g/cm3 is more dense so more of the block will be below the waterline. We can see that as density increases more of the block is below the waterline. Scientists have discovered that the blocks density will tell us exactly where the block will come to rest. If the density is 0.1g/cm3 then 10% will be below the waterline. To calculate where a block will come to rest just convert the density to a percent. Density explains why ice floats. If you freeze water it expands. The black dots represent the atoms in water. No new atoms were are added to the water so because of the expansion there is more room between the atoms. Compared to the atoms in liquid water, the atoms in the ice are not as tightly packed together causing the ice to float. Try calculating density of ice for yourself. If you get a number less than one it will float. You can also predict how much of it will be below the waterline.
Views: 801079 Mark Drollinger
National Security, Rare Earth Elements & The Thorium Problem
 
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"The only operating rare earth mine in the United States sends all of their valuable resources to China for processing. Congress does not know this. They think this [mining] company is supplying the U.S. value chain, [and] is supplying the military. It is in-fact, the opposite. They are part of the Chinese monopoly. They're taking powder and shipping it to China, and it comes back as a magnet, or an alloy, or a bolt-on component." - Jim Kennedy To address this issue, contact your legislators to support H.R.4883 https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr4883 Why can't Molycorp, Lynas or any other 'western' rare earth company succeed? China's production and market advantage in Rare Earth Elements (REE) is largely the result of NRC and IAEA "Source Material" regulations with unintended consequences. Source Material: Materials containing any ratio or combination of Thorium and Uranium above .05%. Producing or holding these materials within the regulatory threshold (.05%) requires extensive and wide-ranging licensing, storage, transportation, remediation disposal and compliance costs, including prohibitive liability and bonding issues. Consequently any potential supplier of byproduct / co-product rare earth resources that would be designated as "source material' disposes of these valuable resources to avoid liability and compliance issues. NRC / IAEA regulations regarding "Source Material" played a key roll in undermining the economic viability of all 'western' rare earth producers and are a critical factor in China's current 'market advantage'. Producers like Molycorp and Lynas, with low Thorium deposits, can never compete with China. Resources are abundant and available: U.S mining companies currently mine as much as 50% of global Rare Earth Elements demand every year. But these resources are diverted in tailings lakes or are redistributed back into the host ore body, due to NRC and IAEA regulations defining Monazite and other Thorium bearing rare earth resources as "Source Material". H.R. 4883 would solve the "Thorium Problem" by creating a federally chartered multinational Thorium Energy and Industrial Products Corporation ("Thorium Bank"). Privately funded and operated, this would decouple thorium from rare earth production. The Thorium Corporation would also have Congressional Authority to develop Thorium energy systems and industrial products. Environmental regulations are not scaled back... rather this enables thorium to be stored safely & securely, rather then being treated as "waste". https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr4883 H.R. 4883 thus also addresses the U.S. Weapons Systems current 100% Dependency on China for Rare Earths. http://thoriumenergyalliance.com/downloads/TEAC6/USWeaponsChinese.pdf Federal Legislation governing Strategic Materials, 10 USC 2533b, does not specify rare earths, but includes metal alloys containing limited amounts of manganese, silicon, copper, or aluminum, chromium, cobalt, columbium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, nickel and iron-nickel, cobalt, Titanium and Zirconium alloys. Federal Regulations require that these materials be melted in the U.S. Most of these materials are utilized in rare earth alloys, magnets and components in the defense industry. The bill does NOT reclassify thorium. It does NOT alter current environmental protection. It simply resolves "The Thorium Problem" which cripples United States domestic rare earth mining, processing and value-adding processes. Source Footage: Jim Kennedy @ IAEA: http://youtu.be/fLR39sT_bTs Jim Kennedy interview @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/Dih30mUexrA Jim Kennedy Talk @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/CARlEac1iuA Stephen Boyd @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/z7qfOnMzP9Y Stephen Boyd @ TEAC4: http://youtu.be/J16IpITWBQ8 John Kutsch @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/MgRn4g7a068
Views: 46440 gordonmcdowell
Extraction of Chromium Metal from Chromite Ore | Occurrence, Principles and Properties
 
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Occurrence and principles of extraction of chromium metal from chromite Ore. Atomic mass : 51.99 Valency : 0,1,2,3,4,5,6 Atomic number : 24 Symbol : Cr Position in the periodic table : Period Number -4, Group Number -6. L.N. Vanquelin, a french chemist discovered a new element in 1797, while examining a mineral found in Siberia. It was named chromium because it forms coloured compounds [Greek word - chroma - colour] Occurrence Metallic chromium does not occur in the native state. In India chromite ore occurs in Bihar, Mysore, Chennai and Bombay. Ores The important ore of chromium is Chromite or chrome ore, FeO Cr2 O3 The chief ore of chromium is chromite ore. Extraction of chromium metal from chromite ore The extraction of chromium metal from chromite ore consists of the following steps. 1. Concentration The crushed ore is concentrated by gravity separation method. 2. Conversion of the concentrated chromite ore into Sodium Chromite The concentrated ore is mixed with excess of sodium carbonate and a small amount of lime and roasted in a reverberatory furnace at about 900-1000 degree Celcius in the presence of free supply of air. During this process, chromite ore is converted into soluble sodium chromate. 4(FeO, Cr2 O3) + 8Na2, CO3 + 7O2 (from air) at the temperature between 900-1000 degree celcious forms 8Na2CrO4 (which is Soluble) + 2Fe2O3 (which is Insoluble) + 8CO2 Conversion of Na2, Cr, O4 into Na2, Cr2, O7 The solution containing Na2CrO4 is treated with a calculated quantity of H2SO4, Na2CrO4 is converted into Na2Cr2O7. 2Na2CrO4 + H2SO4 → Na2Cr2O7 + Na2SO4 + H2O Conversion of Na2, Cr2, O7 into Cr2, O3 Na2Cr2O7 is heated with carbon to get sodium chromite, Na2Cr2O4 which on treatment with H2O, gives Cr2O3 precipitate. Na2Cr2O7 + 3C → Na2Cr2O4 + 3CO Na2Cr2O4 + H2O → Cr2O3 (which is the precipitate) + 2 NaOH Properties of Cr Physical Properties 1. The metal is silvery white and crystalline. 2. It is very hard and brittle 3. It melts at 2113K. Chemical Properties 1. Action of air : It is unaffected by air at ordinary temperatures. When heated to very high temperature at about 2000°C it is oxidised to chromic oxide. Chromium plus oxygen gives Chromic oxide. 2. Action of Water : There is no action at ordinary temperatures. However it decomposes steam at red heat to give chromic oxide and hydrogen. Chromium plus steam gives chromic oxide plus hydrogen. 3. Action of Acids : It dissolves in dilute hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid to liberate hydrogen and forms chromous salts. Chromium plus hydrochloric acid gives chromium 2 chloride plus hydrogen. Chromium plus sulphuric acid gives chromium 2 sulphate plus hydrogen. 4. With hot concentrated sulphuric acid it gives chromic sulphate and liberates sulphur dioxide. Chromium plus sulphuric acid gives chromium 3 sulphate plus sulphur dioxide plus water. 5. Dilute nitric acid does not attack the pure metal while concentrated acid renders it inactive or passive i.e., it does not show its usual reactions. 6. Action with Halogens : Chromium combines directly with fluorine and dry chlorine to give chromium (3) halides. Chromium plus fluorine gives chromium 3 fluoride Chromium plus chlorine gives chromium chloride
Views: 2642 Easy Tips 4 Learner
How Ytterbium is mined | Ytterbium Facts & Uses | Ytterbium Yb Element Properties
 
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Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster. A rare earth, the element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water, and oxidizes in air. The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface. Ytterbium occurs along with other rare earths in a number of rare minerals. It is commercially recovered principally from monazite sand, which contains about 0.03 percent. Ion-exchange and solvent extraction techniques have simplified the separation of the rare earths from one another. Ytterby is the site of a quarry that yielded many unusual minerals containing rare earths and other elements. In 1878, Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac, a Swedish chemist, discovered a new component, which he called ytterbia, in the earth then known as erbia. A French chemist, Georges Urbain, separated ytterbia into two components in 1907. He called them neoytterbia and lutecia. The elements are now known as ytterbium and lutetium. Atomic number 70 Atomic mass 173.045 Melting point 824°C, 1515°F, 1097 K Boiling point 1196°C, 2185°F, 1469 K Group Lanthanides; Period 6; Block f Ytterbium has few uses. It can be alloyed with stainless steel to improve some of its mechanical properties and used as a doping agent in fiber optic cable. One of ytterbium's isotopes is being considered as a radiation source for portable X-ray machines. Ytterbium compounds are also used as catalysts in the organic chemical industry. Ytterbium trifluoride as a radiopaque agent is used in dentistry as dental cements. It is used to make tunable lasers devices for producing single color bright light. Ytterbium oxide is used to make special types of ceramics and glass. Metallic ytterbium dust poses a fire and explosion hazard. Ytterbium poses no threat to plants and animals and its salts are being introduced into the chemical industry as catalysts in place of ones that are regarded as toxic and polluting.
Views: 871 Top Most 22
Neodymium  - A METAL Is Used to Make MAGNETS!
 
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Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Thoisoi?ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thoisoi2 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thoisoi/ ATTENTION! This video shows dangerous experiments! Do not repeatthe experiments shown in this VIDEO! So, today I want to tell you about the metal neodymium. It is one of the metals of the lanthanides, and is located at the bottom of the periodic table of chemical elements. Neodymium is a fairly active metal which is stored in glass ampoules or in an inert atmosphere for corrosion protection. In air it will oxidize and cover itself with a layer of oxide. Immediately from the ampoule neodymium can be seen as a shiny metal with a distinct crystal structure. Neodymium is a relatively hard metal, its hardness resembles iron. I even broke the pliers trying to bite off the piece of neodymium in half. Also, while experimenting with neodymium I noticed that when you tap on it, the metal produces a ringing sound, just like bronze. This is telling us of the elasticity of the metal. Neodymium dissolves well in hydrochloric acid, and the reaction goes very rapidly. During this reaction it produces hydrogen and neodymium chloride, which is of pink color like the many of the compounds of neodymium. The solution of neodymium chloride has one amazing property. Its color can be different depending on the lighting. When under the illumination of a led lamp the solution looks pink, but under the light of a fluorescent lamp the solution becomes yellow. This effect is caused due to the presence of f-electrons in the outer electron layer of the neodymium, the light absorption spectrum of the compounds of neodymium has very sharp bands caused by the so-called forbidden f-f transitions within the metal’s atom. If I got anything wrong here please do correct me in the comments as I'm not very good in quantum physics. This property of the compounds of neodymium is used for the production of the so-called neodymium glass which used in photography as a filter of yellow light. Also this glass is used in incandescent bulbs to create a more white light. If you add sodium hydroxide or lye to the neodymium chloride, the precipitate of neodymium hydroxide is then produced, which, like all the neodymium compounds, changes its color depending on the lighting. From this compound it is possible to make neodymium oxide by using heating, which is added to neodymium glass for the manufacture of heavy-duty lasers. These lasers are used to create fusion synthesis, they have an extraordinary power. The neodymium hydroxide, similar to the hydroxide of lanthanum, can be dissolved in trilone b that’s used to remove limescale in kettles. It looks very nice if we look at it with a macro. Neodymium can also react with acetic acid, by dissolving in it. As with lanthanum, in this reaction a suspension of neodymium hydroxide is formed. If you heat the neodymium with a gas burner, it will not light up due to its high melting point. However, the neodymium powder burns perfectly on air. Metallic neodymium is attracted to a magnet quite weakly and is paramagnetic, meaning it does not magnetize. However, in combination with iron and boron, neodymium obtains an incredibly high ability to magnetize, so called magnetic saturation. Using this property of the compound of neodymium-iron-boron it is used for the manufacture of the most powerful to date neodymium magnets. These magnets are now used everywhere, from hard drives to expensive speakers. Also, I would like to note that these magnets are very fragile. The neodymium-iron-boron compound resembles ceramic, so these magnets are very easy to break or crack. On the outside these magnets are coated using nickel for protection from corrosion.
Cleaning Gold Nuggets, Dissolving Quartz & Ironstone with Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)
 
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Cleaning Gold Nuggets, Dissolving Quartz & Ironstone with Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye or caustic soda
Views: 39762 Tim M
Extracting Ghost Town Silver
 
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I went to the silver ghost town of Silver Reef, Utah to collect a sample of silver ore, and meet up with Cody of Cody's Lab to learn how to extract it. With some silver extracted I'll be able to continue my ongoing quest to make a photograph from scratch, and also my series are recreating currency through history. Check out Cody'slab for more videos on extracting silver and other metals!: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2epi6xRFKFE If you're ever in Utah, check out Silver Reef Ghost Town http://www.silverreefutah.org/ || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj - Rapidfire Pro Electric Kiln: https://goo.gl/cj3wsv || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Tim Reiche, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Liam pinkney, Stephan Becker, Lana Sinapayen, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Meinhard Absalon, Coby Tang, Christina Freeman, Conner Hitchcock, Jason Kaczmarsky, Avinash Rajaraman || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com
Views: 1014491 How To Make Everything
Burning salt
 
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When substances burn they glow with a specific colour. For example, sodium burns with a yellow flame. So, when salt granules are dropped through the flame of a kitchen blowtorch, bursts of yellow appear in the blue flame, indicating the presence of sodium in salt, which is sodium chloride. The chemical composition of remote objects in space can be determined by splitting the light into constituent colours using an instrument called a spectroscope.
Views: 2092 Stephen Hughes
What is BORAX METHOD? What does BORAX METHOD mean? BORAX METHOD meaning & explanation
 
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What is BORAX METHOD? What does BORAX METHOD mean? BORAX METHOD meaning - BORAX METHOD definition - BORAX METHOD explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ The borax method is a technique of artisanal gold mining, which uses borax as a flux to purify gold concentrates. By using borax, no mercury flour is produced, hence gold recovery increases. The borax method of gold extraction has been used by artisanal gold miners in the Benguet area north of Manila in the Philippines for more than 30 years. Some believe it was in practice as early as the 1900s. The method is increasingly being seen as a safe alternative to the widespread use of toxic mercury in artisanal gold mining today. About 30% of the world's mercury emissions comes from small scale mining. Efforts are being made to revive the method and spread its use. As of 2012, around 15,000 artisanal gold miners in a small area of Luzon, the main island in the northern portion of the Philippines, use this method exclusively. The mineral is inexpensive and easily available, and the miners have reportedly found that more gold is recovered through its use. In contrast to the use of mercury (which relies on amalgamation of the impurities) this method relies on borax's ability to lower all the minerals' melting points, including that of gold. Since the gold is usually the heaviest of these minerals, it allows for concentrating the gold on the bottom of the crucible. The process requires considerably less heat than conventional refining methods, which can be obtainable even in remote locations (using charcoal). After the ore is crushed into a fine powder, it's lightly panned to leave only the heaviest minerals in the pan. It's then thoroughly mixed by three times (by volume) as much of borax and a few drops of water. This mixture is then heated until the whole mixture is molten, after which molten droplets of gold collect on the bottom of the crucible.
Views: 997 The Audiopedia
Thallium  - The MOST TOXIC METAL ON EARTH!
 
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Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Thoisoi?ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thoisoi2 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thoisoi/ Do not repeat the experiments shown in this video! Today I will tell you about the most toxic metal on earth - about thallium. In the periodic table of chemical elements thallium lies on the bottom of group 13 having an atomic number 81. Let us start off with a little bit of history. Thallium was first discovered in 1861 by an English scientist William Crookes and also simultaneously by a French chemist Claude-Auguste Lamy. It was discovered thanks to the green colour of flames, that compounds of this metal would give. Thallium was discovered when scientists studied rocks containing lead. Nowadays, it is mostly extracted from sulfidic heavy metals, such as crookesite and “gicionite” if my rendering of their names is correct. I’ve got quite old pieces of thallium for my experiment that were produced back in 1970. Since then they have been strongly oxidized and covered in dark thallium oxide. Usually to protect thallium from getting oxidized it is stored in glycerol. Do not worry, we have taken all the necessary precautionary measures. Do not try this at home! To see the shiny surface of metallic thallium, I submerged my piece of thallium in concentrated nitric acid where it slowly began to dissolve forming nitrites of this metal. Thallium’s oxides have been washed away, the metal looks shiny with bluish shades. Without its oxides this metal can easily be confused with tin or other safe metals that is why thallium is quite treacherous. It can easily be melt down because its melting point is just 304 degrees Celsius. Molten thallium oxidizes very quickly when exposed to air covering in dark thallium oxide layer. This sets it apart from other metals belonging to group 13. For instance chemical activity of metals starting from aluminium and finishing with indium steadily decreases. Indium doesn’t even oxidise when it is exposed to air and remains shiny. Thallium, however, is more active and not only has +3 oxidation state as metals placed higher in the periodic table but it also has +1 oxidation state which is quite unusual. Thallium used to be considered alkali metal for some time after it was discovered. If an oxidized droplet of thallium is submerged in nitric acid, the oxide layer will immediately dissolve after that metal’s shiny surface can be seen. Thallium’s solidness is similar to that of lead. It is also quite soft and can easily be twisted. We also used to have thallium nitrate we could use for a few experiments in our laboratory. By the way thallium compounds are the most toxic among all metals because toxic arsenic, for instance, belongs to metalloids class but we will speak about toxicity a bit later. Having put off all the fears and switched the hood to maximum suction setting I continued running my experiment with this element. Thallium nitrate doesn’t dissolve in water well and looks like white crystals. Thallium compounds, thallium sulfate to be precise, had been widely used as rat poison until 1972 but later on the practice was abandoned, because it is too toxic and it became clear that thallium sulfate was toxic to people too. If you add potassium iodide to thallium nitrate solution, there will form beautiful yellow thallium iodide sediment. In spite of being toxic this chemical has a few applications.
Camera from Scratch: Pt.1 Pinhole
 
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Launching my most challenging topic yet, making an entire camera from scratch, by first starting with a very basic pinhole camera that I can build upon and upgrade as I produce more and more components from scratch. Check out Diana's video on the camera obscura: https://youtu.be/qIp9kItDUh8 Join my discord to help me troubleshoot issues as they arise!: https://discord.gg/ShjsAQk || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Tim Reiche, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Liam pinkney, Stephan Becker, Lana Sinapayen, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Meinhard Absalon, Coby Tang, Jason Kaczmarsky, Avinash Rajaraman, Andrew Nichols, Patrick Davis, Santiago Ochoa, Kim Kozlovsky, Tyler Greeson, Remi_Scarlet, Skylar MacDonald, Steven Ingles, Brett Moran || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com
Views: 326874 How To Make Everything
How to extract Silver from a Coin (or other silver containing material)
 
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In this video I show you how to extract silver from a coin or other metallic material. The coin that I used is 50% copper and 50% silver. I loosely followed the procedure from here: http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread810904/pg1
Views: 264814 NileRed
How Chlorine is made | Things Chlorine is used to make | Uses & properties of element Chlorine Cl
 
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How Chlorine is made | Things Chlorine is used to make | Manufacturing uses & properties of Chemical element Chlorine Cl Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17. The second-lightest of the halogens, it appears between fluorine and bromine in the periodic table and its properties are mostly intermediate between them. Chlorine is commonly used as an antiseptic and is used to make drinking water safe and to treat swimming pools. Large amounts of chlorine are used in many industrial processes, such as in the production of paper products, plastics, dyes, textiles, medicines, antiseptics, insecticides, solvents and paints. Atomic number 17 Atomic mass 35.45 Group 17; Period 3; Block p Melting point -101.5°C, -150.7°F, 171.7 K Boiling point -34.04°C, -29.27°F, 239.11 K Chlorine is a yellow-green dense gas with a choking smell. Sodium chloride or ‘common salt’ is the main mineral that is mined for chlorine. Chlorine helps to keep the amount of fluid inside & outside of your cells in balance. Chlorine is found in the minerals Carnallite & Sylvite. Building & Construction industry for manufacturing vinyl windows. Chemical industry uses chlorine as an oxidising agent for substituting reactions Electrical industries to manufacture fast processors for all type of electronic devices and Food Industry to kill bacteria . Military for manufacture bullet-resistant vests, aircraft cockpit canopies and missile. Paint Industry for manufacturing durable paints. Pharmaceutical Industry for manufacturing medicines. Plastics industry uses chlorine for the syntheses of the plastic PVC. Pulp and paper industry uses chlorine to bleach their products. Textile industries use chlorine to bleach their products. Transportation industry for manufacturing of seat cushions, bumpers, brake fluid and airbags. Water industry for treating drinking water and swimming pool water. Chlorine kills bacteria – it is a disinfectant. It is used to treat drinking water and swimming pool water. It is also used to make hundreds of consumer products from paper to paints, and from textiles to insecticides. About 20% of chlorine produced is used to make PVC.
Views: 2187 Top Most 22
Iodine From Salt
 
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This is my response to a challenge to extract iodine from table salt. this is not a practical way to get iodine but the chemistry is interesting. Help me make videos by donating here: https://www.patreon.com/CodysLab Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/codydonreeder SubReddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/codyslab/
Views: 511429 Cody'sLab
How to Make Borax Crystals
 
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Learn the key to making huge gorgeous borax crystals out of a supersaturated solution on this Emmymade How-to. Borax crystals 1- 2 C. borax ~1 L. water bamboo skewer thread white pipe cleaners food coloring Weave three (3) pipe cleaners into a loose coil. Suspend the coil from a length of thread, and then attach it to the bamboo skewer so that the coils hangs in the middle of the container without touching the sides or the bottom. Make your solution in a pot or heat-proof beaker. Heat your water and add borax a little at a time. Stir constantly and keep adding borax until it no longer dissolves. The solution will be cloudy and some borax will settle. Add your food coloring (20-30 drops.) Suspend your pipe cleaner in the hot solution and cover with a piece of cardboard. Allow it to sit undisturbed for 8-12 hours. Pull out your crystal and dry with a paper towel. Find more information here Dans le Lakehouse blog http://dans-le-townhouse.blogspot.com/search?q=borax+crystals Royalty-free Go Cart music courtesy of Kevin Macleod http://incompetech.com/wordpress
Views: 3124523 emmymade
Mercury from cinnabar
 
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using a wet method to extract mercury metal from cinnabar- its raw material. we used a solution of sodium hydroxide and elemental sulfur adding the cinnabar when it had all dissolved and then adding aluminium metal to precipitate the mercury metal. this and separated from the crud and was washed cleaning it up to shiny metal. the yield was nearly 38g of clean product.
Views: 81977 AllChemystery
Turning Everything into Soap (Pigs, Plants, Potash, Plus more!) | HTME: Toiletries
 
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Join the Club today! http://www.dollarshaveclub.com/HTME Thanks to our sponsor, New members get their 1st month of the Dollar Shave Club Starter Set including the Executive Razor and trial-sized versions of their Shave Butter, Body Cleanser and One Wipe Charlies’ Butt Wipes for ONLY $5 (and free shipping). After that razors are just a few bucks a month. Building off 15 previous videos, I make soap from scratch starting from rocks, wood ash, lake water, and a variety of plant and animal fats I've collected so far; launching our newest series on detergents and toiletries. Thank you to our talented interns Randi and Donna (http://donnalynnart.com) who helped with both the beginning animation and with the testing of the soaps at the end! Previous videos where we've sourced everything in this video: Limestone: https://youtu.be/Ef2_aaYpZSI Potash: https://youtu.be/uob7q2w7zps Soda Ash: https://youtu.be/pgxc2GLJ7pY Sunflower Oil: https://youtu.be/qeOM_OTKsek Canola Oil: https://youtu.be/j3J4feSZjoM Castor Oil: https://youtu.be/e3SQy_Apw8c Soybean Oil: https://youtu.be/wQg6HBLWHR4 Peanut Oil: https://youtu.be/89EtA_z6xxE Cotton Seed Oil: https://youtu.be/nqzC6a4FIxQ Cocoa Butter: https://youtu.be/r6Q2Vr1JUGo Beeswax: https://youtu.be/JbkK1vb-xxc Pig Lard: https://youtu.be/ylLHoC8hpUQ Cow Milk: https://youtu.be/5fPUSDtWA90 Goat Milk: https://youtu.be/4xbFUyeZASI Walnut Oil: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqURY1YGC1U || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Celine Turner, Iain Hopwood, Christina Freeman, Tim Reiche, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich, Aisha Iftikhar, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Liam pinkney, Stephan Becker, Coby Tang, Lana Sinapayen, James Coon || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com Inner Light by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1300021 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 873480 How To Make Everything
Jack-o-Lantern Candles From Scratch
 
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Enter offer code "makeeverything" at Squarespace.com for 10% off your first purchase, or visit: http://squarespace.com/makeeverything Happy Halloween! Before moving on to making more complex light sources like a light bulb, I wanted to first start out figuring out how to make some basic candles using a variety of methods from molded tallow candles, dipped bees wax, and an attempt to hydrogenate my own vegetable wax. || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Quintin, Tim Reiche, Dylan Rich, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Lana Sinapayen, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Meinhard Absalon, Jason Kaczmarsky, Avinash Rajaraman, Andrew Nichols, Patrick Davis, Tyler Greeson, Remi_Scarlet, Skylar MacDonald, Steven Ingles, Brett Moran || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com Attribution: A traditional Irish turnip Jack-o'-lantern from the early 20th century. Photographed at the Museum of Country Life, Ireland. Rannpháirtí anaithnid at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons Traditional Cornish Jack-o'-Lantern made from a turnip. By Bodrugan [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons
Views: 136688 How To Make Everything
How to Grow Bug Spray
 
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First 50 people get $50 off their first two weeks of Blue Apron, here!: https://cook.ba/2MCwdP6 *Sponsored by Blue Apron I take a stab at making my own bug spray from scratch, using a variety of plants I already have in my garden and around our studio by extracting their essential oils and making a cream and a spray. Thanks to John at Longfellow Soap for showing us how he makes his natural bug repellant: http://www.longfellowsoap.com/ || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Tim Reiche, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Liam pinkney, Stephan Becker, Lana Sinapayen, Stephen C Strausbaugh, Meinhard Absalon, Coby Tang, Christina Freeman, Conner Hitchcock, Jason Kaczmarsky, Avinash Rajaraman || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com
Views: 205926 How To Make Everything
FUN with an OLD COIN! - Elementalmaker
 
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In this video we will use some chemistry magic to turn an old quarter into something a bit more interesting! Starting with a old silver quarter which is composed of 90% silver and 10% copper. We first refine the coin into pure silver, and redissolve the silver bead into nitric acid forming silver nitrate. Its at this point that we bubble acetylene gas through the solution of silver nitrate to form Silver Acetylide, a powerful and dangerous primary that cracks loudly like a party snap when ingited. Do not attempt this one at home!
Views: 209718 ElementalMaker
Extracting Gold from Dirt: Gold Sluicing and History of Money
 
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Join Honey for FREE at: https://www.joinhoney.com/makeeverything This year, I'm making money! Specifically, I'm going through the history of money and recreating the various forms of currency as they evolved through history. In this video, I explore both the origin of money and learn how to extract my own precious metal from the earth. Thank you to Alan Chenworth for his help, check out his book to learn more about gold panning in Utah: https://goo.gl/LPPrXF Thank you to our talented interns Randi and Donna (http://donnalynnart.com) who helped with the animations once again! || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 - Dracast Light Panels: https://goo.gl/agbBSU - GoPro Hero 5: https://goo.gl/nDbjBk - Karma Drone: https://goo.gl/F16GWj || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Iain Hopwood, Christina Freeman, Tim Reiche, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich, Aisha Iftikhar, Jason Lewis, Susan M. George, Liam pinkney, Stephan Becker, Lana Sinapayen, James Coon, Coby Tang, Stephen C Strausbaugh || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com Accountancy clay envelope Louvre Sb1932.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Accountancy_clay_envelope_Louvre_Sb1932.jpg © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 2.5 BMC 193.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BMC_193.jpg © Classical Numismatic Group / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0 Different cowries.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Different_cowries.jpg © Bricktop / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0 Early writing tablet recording the allocation of beer https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Early_writing_tablet_recording_the_allocation_of_beer.jpg © BabelStone / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0 Ephesos 620-600 BC.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ephesos_620-600_BC.jpg © Classical Numismatic Group / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0 Indian Double-Die Ancient Coin.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indian_Double-Die_Ancient_Coin.jpg © Peter A. Piliouras / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 4.0 Kalgoorlie The Big Pit DSC04498.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kalgoorlie_The_Big_Pit_DSC04498.JPG © Brian Voon Yee Yap / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0 Louvres-antiquites-moyen-orient-p1020200.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Louvres-antiquites-moyen-orient-p1020200.jpg © Rama / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 2.0 France Medieval_tally_sticks.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Medieval_tally_sticks.jpg © Winchester City Council Museums / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 2.0 Os d'Ishango IRSNB.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Os_d%27Ishango_IRSNB.JPG © Ben2 / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0 SAM PC 1 - Tally sticks 1 - Overview.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SAM_PC_1_-_Tally_sticks_1_-_Overview.jpg © Sandstein / Wikimedia Commons / CC-BY 3.0
Views: 1046816 How To Make Everything
Making Hydrogen Peroxide Attempt 1
 
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I attempt to make peroxide using the anthraquinone process used in industry. I will try again using higher pressure, temperature and perhaps a different catalyst. Help me make videos by donating here: https://www.patreon.com/CodysLab Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/codydonreeder SubReddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/codyslab/
Views: 328358 Cody'sLab
How to Easily Refine & Smelt Gold from Computer Memory Chips
 
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Part 2 video on how to take the gold from computer chips and refine it to a more pure metal and smelt it. DO NOT TRY THIS AT HOME. Part 1 - https://youtu.be/8lXd85YfcvY Part 2 - https://youtu.be/5c9Z5UYsUV4 Part 3 - https://youtu.be/qkmhEGBjyMs Get your Beaker set here: http://amzn.to/2mlPX8N Support us here: https://www.patreon.com/LifeBuzzn
Views: 2084101 LifeBuzzN
Turning Sugarcane Into Candy Canes | HTME
 
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Enter offer code "makeeverything" at Squarespace.com for 10% off your first purchase, or visit: http://squarespace.com/makeeverything Just in time for Christmas 2017 , I attempt to make a Candy Cane from scratch! After my failures at making candy corn, I take another stab at making a candy cane, starting from sugarcane. For flavoring I use cinnamon I harvested in Mexico, and mint and wintergreen I grew and foraged plus distilled alcohol to extract the flavoring. Thank you to Terry John Zila and Cooks of Crocus Hill, get your own class from Terry: https://www.cooksofcrocushill.com/classes/terry_john_zila Cody'slab's video on processing sugar beets into sugar: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jzA5xrYWuQ4 Check out our website made through Squarespace: https://htme.squarespace.com/ If you want to learn the history of the candy cane, check out wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candy_cane || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Justin Finton, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Celine Turner, Iain Hopwood, Christina Freeman, Tim Reiche, Ryan OHoro, Balie Ford, Lana Sinapayen, Mats Nydesjö, Dylan Rich || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100270 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 1349873 How To Make Everything
Thorium 2017
 
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Thorium is an abundant material currently disposed of as waste. It is found in coal ash piles and mine tailings. A single Rare Earths mine could produce enough Thorium byproduct to power the entire planet. To do so requires a very different nuclear reactor than the kinds we use today. Not one that uses solid fuel rods, but a reactor in which the fuel is kept in a liquid state. Not one that uses pressurized water as a coolant, but a reactor that uses extremely stable molten salts. The full description of one such reactor is: 2-Fluid, Thermal-Spectrum, Molten-Salt Breeder Reactor equipped with a chemical fuel salt treatment module. Such a reactor was conceived of decades ago, as documented in the book "Fluid Fuel Reactors" [1958]. Or, simply "LFTR" (Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor) as proposed by Flibe Energy's Kirk Sorensen... a modern redesign of the 2-Fluid, thermal-spectrum, MSBR concept. http://Flibe-Energy.com/ Since 2011 (the year Flibe Energy was founded), legislators asking questions about Thorium have had their queries answered as if such a reactor design did not exist. NNL [UK] and OECD [NEA] reports on the Thorium Fuel Cycle did not explore the implications of this reactor, and dismiss thorium based on challenges and mediocre performance found in other reactor designs. For example, other options include a "Fast-Spectrum Molten-Salt Reactor". Worth pursuing, certainly, but requires more fissile inventory than LFTR... approximately 5x as much. (Fissile inventory is specifically mentioned as a concern by OECD's thorium report.) And assuming the challenges of a fast-spectrum MSR can be met... both natural Uranium and natural Thorium can both be fully consumed as fuel in a fast-spectrum reactor. That is where Thorium is dismissed as only "4x as common as Uranium" (fast-spectrum usage) rather than "400x as common as U-235" (thermal-spectrum usage). Thorium's advantages: both thermal-spectrum breeding and unique chemical properties, are taken full advantage of only by LFTR style reactors. When evaluated in any other reactor, depending on that reactor, Uranium can be as attractive, more attractive, or Uranium can be the only viable option. For example: Shippingport. Cited as an example of a "Thorium Reactor" by Dr. Lyons, it was NEVER intended to be economical, and features no advantages of LFTR. It was a solid-fuel reactor, and so operated at low-temperature, had no on-line chemical reprocessing, used high-pressure water coolant, used fuel as inefficiently as every other solid-fuel reactor, and had to be shut down every time it was refueled. 2 of its 3 fuel loads were Enriched Uranium. It was -a- Reactor capable of consuming Thorium and demonstrated only that it was possible... it was not -THE- Thorium Reactor. If you'd like to watch a mini-series length (6.5h) documentary on this topic, please check out "Thorium." https://youtu.be/2oK6Rs6yFsM ...it goes into some technical detail on Thorium and Molten Salt Reactors, as well as nuclear power itself. This video exists thanks to support pledged via Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thorium Other videos I've edited on Thorium & Molten Salt Reactors can be found here: http://ThoriumRemix.com/ Music (at 28:29) created by Kilowatts: http://kilowattsmusic.com/ 00:00 LWR: 0.05% of Uranium's Energy Potential 00:54 LWR: Chemical Instability 01:38 LWR: High Pressure 02:48 Alvin Weinberg 03:05 High Temperature not High Pressure 03:40 MSRE Achievement 03:51 Graphite 04:08 Move Heat No Pressure 04:45 Salt: Ionic Bonds 05:33 Fluoride vs Fluorine 06:16 Cesium & Iodine 06:33 Drain Tank 07:53 Disperse Heat 08:36 Solid Fuel: Candles 09:24 Online Chemical Reprocessing 10:15 Legislators ask about Thorium 10:46 OECD NEA Thorium Report 11:23 Fast-Spectrum Dodge 12:08 Spent Fuel 12:34 Efficient 13:49 Concentrated 14:10 Rare Earth Elements 15:41 China's Academy of Science 16:34 CO2 Raw Material 17:07 Recycling 18:05 Sorting 18:52 NASA, Recycling & Energy 20:57 Molten Salt Research Halted 21:28 World Set Free 21:55 Documents 22:28 CD-ROMs and Internet 23:15 Obama Administration 24:33 Regulations vs Liquid Fuel 25:12 Stymied in USA 26:08 Flibe Energy 26:41 MSRE Researchers 27:14 Export of MSR Expertise 27:41 China vs Global Warming 28:29 1969-2017 Timeline 33:08 Thousands of years of Slavery 33:32 Energy Density of Thorium Other Video Sources 02:46 https://youtu.be/EviEN0ScOwg Pandora's Box 03:08 https://youtu.be/ofs6-K7UCSU Weinberg 2011 03:41 https://youtu.be/pGzKuhY50v4 Weinberg 2004 03:41 https://youtu.be/tyDbq5HRs0o Found MSRE Doc 05:34 https://youtu.be/vtWp45Eewtw Fluorine (PToV) 05:54 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLoK41_2JS4E_ZZyJSH7g-AhiiwMoCoFCB (MSBR3.0-ORNL-4528) 30:51 http://www.citizen-films.fr/en/thorium/ (T:TFSoN)
Views: 157114 gordonmcdowell
Samarium - A Metal Which HELPS HEAL CANCER!
 
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Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Thoisoi?ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thoisoi2 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thoisoi/ So, today I want to tell you about the metal samarium Samarium is a rare earth so-called f-metal, it is located in the lanthanide portion of the periodic table of chemical elements. Samarium got its name from the Samarskite mineral from which samarium itself is obtained, and the mineral itself was named in honor of the Russian mining engineer Vasily Samarskiy-Bykhovets. In appearance, metal samarium looks shiny, with a yellowish tinge due to the formation of samarium monoxide on air. Also, pieces of samarium have an extremely pronounced crystalline structure, which is also called a metal’s dendrites. In air, samarium oxidizes quickly, covering itself with a layer of oxide, that is why it is best to be stored in an inert atmosphere in a glass ampoule. If a piece of samarium is to be thrown into hydrochloric acid, it will start actively dissolving in it, forming a samarium chloride of yellow color. The activity of samarium is comparable to its neighbors - neodymium and praseodymium. Interestingly enough, the salts of samarium have a weak luminescence, meaning they glow dimly with a red-orange light under the ultraviolet rays. Also, the samarium chloride solution slightly absorbs ultraviolet radiation, this can be seen if you pass a ray of the ultraviolet laser through a solution of samarium chloride. The standing next to it phosphor solution begins to glow dimmer after passing through the laser beam through the solution. When alkali is added to the solution of samarium chloride, the white samarium hydroxide precipitates, which then can be dissolved in trilon b, the descaling agent for the kettles. In the acetic acid, samarium dissolves in the same way as neodymium, forming samarium acetate, which is immediately decomposed because of the hydrolysis in water. Metal samarium is a paramagnetic substance, meaning it is weakly attracted to a powerful neodymium magnet. Although, if samarium is alloyed with the metal cobalt, then from such an alloy it is possible to make some very good and rather powerful samarium-cobalt magnets. The magnetic saturation or the magnetic force of these magnets is higher than that of ferrite magnets, but lower than that of neodymium magnets. However, the operating temperature of such magnets sets records among the magnets - this magnet won’t degauss even at 500 degrees Celsius, when neodymium can degauss at 55 degrees. Such magnets are used in the top-end electric motors, as well as in jet engines, where the operating temperature is quite high. In air, a small piece of samarium does not burn from the burner due to the high melting point, although the samarium powder will light up and burn quite well. When samarium burns in air, samarium oxide is formed, which is added to the glass used for lasers to absorb excess ultraviolet as well as infrared radiation. Samarium oxide itself under the ultraviolet light glows with a slight yellow color. Today samarium compounds have many uses, for example, the squares drug, which is a samarium complex, and is used to treat cancer tumors, samarium compounds are used as Lewis acids in organic synthesis. Also, the isotope of samarium, samarium 149, is an excellent neutron absorber, which creates a problem in the nuclear industry. The reason being is that during the decay of nuclear fuel, the formed samarium 149 absorbs the slow neutrons, which are quite necessary for the normal operation of the reactor. Samarium 149, along with the other isotopes of gadolinium, are called reactor poison. Also, samarium monosulfide has an extremely high ability to convert temperature difference into electrical energy, being similar to Peltier elements. Now you've learned a little bit more about one of the metals, if you want the series with the elements to continue, please put a like and subscribe to my channel to find out a lot more of new and interesting.
How Tin is made | Element Tin Sn Facts & Properties | Top things made from Tin
 
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The discovery of tin is unknown as the time or the location of discovery was dated long back. Tools or a weapon including tin was discovered by human’s years ago in 3000 BC. Tin is the oldest man-made object that contain tin is the Bronze. Bronze is the element that contains both copper and tin. Historians reveal that tin was extracted for manufacturing and trading in Britain and Spanish Islands where it was found the most. Tin is found in the Earth's crust primarily in the ore cassiterite. It is generally not found in its free form. It is around the 50th most abundant element in the Earth's crust. Tin is a soft, pliable, silvery-white metal. Tin is not easily oxidized and resists corrosion because it is protected by an oxide film. Tin resists corrosion from distilled sea and soft tap water, and can be attacked by strong acids, alkalis and acid salts. Atomic number 50 Atomic mass 118.710 Melting point 231.928°C, 449.47°F, 505.078 K Boiling point 2586°C, 4687°F, 2859 K Group 14; Period 5; Block P Tin has two allotropic forms at normal pressure, gray tin and white tin. Pure white tin slowly tends to become the gray powder (gray tin), a change commonly called ‘tin pest’ at temperatures below 13.2 oC. Gray tin has no metallic properties at all. Commercial quality tins are resistant to tin pest as a result of the inhibiting effects of minor impurities. Tin has many uses. It takes a high polish and is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion, such as in tin cans, which are made of tin-coated steel. Alloys of tin are important, such as soft solder, pewter, bronze and phosphor bronze. A niobium-tin alloy is used for superconducting magnets. Most window glass is made by floating molten glass on molten tin to produce a flat surface. Tin salts sprayed onto glass are used to produce electrically conductive coatings. The most important tin salt used is tin(II) chloride, which is used as a reducing agent and as a mordant for dyeing calico and silk. Tin(IV) oxide is used for ceramics and gas sensors. Zinc stannate (Zn2SnO4) is a fire-retardant used in plastics. Some tin compounds have been used as anti-fouling paint for ships and boats, to prevent barnacles. However, even at low levels these compounds are deadly to marine life, especially oysters. Its use has now been banned in many countries.
Views: 2122 Top Most 22
How to Refine and Melt Platinum - Tutorial part 1
 
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http://www.goldnscrap.com Platinum Refining Tutorial - part 1. A complete process is demonstrated: - cleaning & Dissolution with Aqua Regia. - Precipitation. - Calcining. - Melting Learn more about Gold, Silver and Platinum group metals Recovery and Refining methods and process. http://www.goldnscrap.com Resource for this work: Refining Precious Metal Wastes - c.m. Hoke The Recovery and Refining of Precious Metals - C. W. Ammen The "gold refining forum"
Views: 618479 indeedItdoes
How to Remove Mercury From Gold Jewelry
 
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Music: http://www.purple-planet.com Mercury has a boiling point of ​674.11 °F Gold has a Melting point: 1,948°F Diamond has a melting point of 4200 K Therefore, a little flame is not going to hurt the jewelry However, if it has some plastic or some other materials, it seams like a good idea to remove those first.
Views: 22354 Indy'sTips
Turning Lead into Gold: Golden Rain Experiment (Lead Iodide Synthesis)
 
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This experiment is the Golden Rain experiment, aka the synthesis of Lead Iodide. The entire process is quite beautiful, and I think really highlights the beauty of chemistry, and science! I also have some gold I can compare it to. Honestly, the color reminds me more of mustard, or spray american cheese than gold, atleast while its close to the saturation point. BEFORE DOING THIS EXPERIMENT: I highly recommend that you do not do this, unless you are a moderately skilled chemist. Lead, and its salts are toxic, and I did not show how the cleanup is done so YOU can do the research into being a dutiful chemist. The chemicals required are: Lead Nitrate, Potassium Iodide, Distilled water, and Baking Soda. The easy way to do the experiment is just to mix the lead nitrate, and potassium iodide, and forgo the recrystallization. I hope you all enjoy the experiment, and thanks SO much for 500 subscribers! I can proudly say I have the best damn subscribers in all of YouTube! I honestly think that I can keep doing a set of chemical reactions with you all behind me! Infographic: http://www.compoundchem.com/ Music from Joahkim Karud 1. Dreams, 2. Love Mode Outro: High In School Congrats to: DaddyMacho on being my 500th subscriber!
Views: 55641 College Chemistry
Testing the Cosmetics: Makeover From Scratch | HTME: Cosmetics
 
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Enter offer code "makeeverything" at Squarespace.com for 10% off your first purchase, or visit: http://squarespace.com/makeeverything To wrap up the cosmetics series, I take the full kit to be evaluated by a professional and then have it tested on myself and a group of volunteers. I also total up how much my entire makeup kit cost me. Thank you again to Karoline Wells of Elixery for her help and guidance: https://www.elixery.com/ || In This Video || Our Camera Gear: - GH4: https://goo.gl/Kpgf9D - FS5: https://goo.gl/aPd428 || SUBSCRIBE || YouTube Channel: http://bit.ly/1OmesgS || SUPPORT || Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/htme Spreadshirt - https://shop.spreadshirt.com/HTME/ Special Thanks to our Patrons at $15 per month or higher: Sandy Riis, Stian Andreassen, Uwe Schmidt, Justin Finton, Daniel Laux, Winfield Jones, Liz Roth, Antonio Rios-Ochoa, Jenny Wolf-Matte, Stephan Schmidt, Quintin, Celine Turner, Iain Hopwood, Christina Freeman, Tim Reiche, Ryan OHoro, Balie Ford, Dylan Rich, Lana Sinapayen, Aisha Iftikhar, Jason Lewis || SOCIAL || Facebook: http://ow.ly/X4rJC Twitter: http://ow.ly/X4rS3 (@HTMeverything) Instagram: http://ow.ly/X4rXs || SERIES || Sandwich - http://bit.ly/1ZVGNRn Suit - http://bit.ly/1NsQri8 Bottle - http://bit.ly/1QlTU6C Thanksgiving Dinner - http://bit.ly/1UjLa1R Root Beer Float - http://bit.ly/1OGfphU Book - http://bit.ly/1SF23Gx Chocolate Bar - http://bit.ly/2085HIs Coffee - http://bit.ly/2jllv0I Eyeglasses - http://bit.ly/2jlispn Microscope and Telescope: http://bit.ly/2nQCRn7 How To Brew Everything: http://bit.ly/2kJb47E Meet The Makers - http://bit.ly/23ldFlS || ABOUT || Today, getting what you need is as easy as a trip to the store. From food to clothing, energy, medicine, and so much more, Andy George will discover what it takes to make everything from scratch. His mission is to understand the complex processes of manufacturing that is often taken for granted and do it all himself. Each week he’s traveling the world to bypass the modern supply chain in order to harvest raw materials straight from the source. Along the way, he’s answering the questions you never thought to ask. Music by the talented Taylor Lewin http://taylorlewin.com
Views: 121794 How To Make Everything
How to Refine and Melt Platinum - Tutorial part 2
 
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http://www.goldnscrap.com Platinum Refining Tutorial - part 1. A complete process is demonstrated: - cleaning & Dissolution with Aqua Regia. - Precipitation. - Calcining. - Melting Learn more about Gold, Silver and Platinum group metals Recovery and Refining methods and process. http://www.goldnscrap.com Resource for this work: Refining Precious Metal Wastes - c.m. Hoke The Recovery and Refining of Precious Metals - C. W. Ammen The "gold refining forum"
Views: 230559 indeedItdoes