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8 Worst Man-Made Environmental Disasters in History
 
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Worst man-made environmental disasters in history. These world tragedies & insane nature disasters caused severe damage! Subscribe for new videos: http://goo.gl/SaufF4 Follow us on Instagram: @theywillkillyou Voiceover by Carl Mason: [email protected] 8 Deepwater Horizon Offshore drilling contractor Transocean owned the rig & had leased it to oil giant British Petroleum or BP. Two days after, the platform sank & caused a petroleum leak that continued for almost three months. US government reported that approximately 4.2 million barrels of oil had been released. Aside from impacting 43,300 miles of ocean, the spill affected 1,300 miles of coastline from Florida to Texas. 7 Kuwait Fires The sun was darkened by the oily smoke plumes that shot high into the sky. People who ventured outside experienced breathing difficulties & one US environmentalist compared the effect to that of standing behind the exhaust pipes of hundreds of malfunctioning diesel trucks’. The fires burned for approximately seven months. Black rain, a mixture of smoke particles & natural precipitation fell as far as the Himalayas & the landscape became covered with hundreds of oil lakes, of up to four inches in depth. Birds confused the lakes for water. Smoke, ash & soot covered the Gulf. Livestock & the oily mist blackened the lungs of the animals. 6 Reactor Shutdown The reactor shutdown that took place on the 26th of April, 1986, is considered to be one of the worst in history. Many cases were subsequently connected to the massive spread of radioactive material. Wide areas of Belarus, Ukraine & the Russian Federation, inhabited by millions of people, were affected. It went as far as the British Isles. It’s estimated that at least 5% of the reactor core was released into the atmosphere & downwind as result of the blast. 5 Minamata Disease In the early 1950s the people inhabiting the small coastal city of Minamata in the south of Japan, began to notice animal behavior that was startling & out of the ordinary. Fish would inexplicably go belly up, birds crashed into the ground & cats would foam at the mouth & jump into the sea. It was not long that humans too began to exhibit unusual behavior that would later be referred to as the Minamata Disease. People would be stumbling about, slurring their words & encountering difficulties with the simplest day-to-day tasks. In 1958, the root of the strange behavior was finally discovered. As part of its manufacturing process, one of Minamata’s biggest employers, the Chisso Corporation chemical company had been dumping mercury into the sea. 4 Baia Mare Cyanide Spill The Baia Mare cyanide spill took place in Romania in the year 2000. A gold mining company called Aurul, a jointventure of the Romanian government & an Australian company called Esmeralda Exploration had been shipping its waste material to a dam near Bozinta Mare, Maramures County. The company had been extracting the remaining gold from the tailings through a process called gold cyanidation with the resulting waste then being taken to the dam. On the 30th of January, 2000, the dam burst sending 3,500,000 feet of cyanide-contaminated water into the Somes River & some of the surrounding farmland. 3 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 260,000 to 750,000 barrels of crude oil were spilled in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on the 24th of March, 1989. It happened because of the Exxon Valdez oil tanker. The oil ultimately covered 1,300 miles of coastline & 11,000 square miles of ocean. A number of factors were cited as having contributed to the tanker’s crash. These included an insufficient & fatigued crew, possible problems with the ship’s Raytheon Collision Avoidance System radar or the lack of advanced monitoring equipment. Public blame also fell on the ship’s captain, Joseph Hazelwood, who was not present at the controls at the time as he was still sleeping after reportedly having drunk heavily the previous night. 2 Union Carbide Gas Leak On the 2nd of December 1984, 30 tons of a highly toxic gas called methyl isocyanate & a number of other gases were released following an accident at the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India. The low-lingering gases caused the eyes & throats to burn & induced nausea. Thousands of people were treated in the immediate aftermath for various ailments including blindness & liver & kidney failure. The Great Smog Also known as the ‘Big Smoke’, the Great Smog took place on the European continent. For five days in December 1952, the city of London was brought to a standstill by heavy fog combined with sulfurous fumes from power plants, coal fires & vehicle exhaust. The dense smoke blocked out the sun as it began to enshroud several of the city’s landmarks, such as Big Ben, London Bridge, St. Paul’s Cathedral & others. At first, Londoners tried to ignore the foul air as best they could, but within an hour it could no longer be overlooked.
Views: 38216 They will Kill You
Bayer CropScience Explosion MIC News Story 4 23 09
 
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Two Investigative news stories look into the secrecy behind the deadly Bayer CropScience Chemical Plant Explosion that occurred in Institute, WV on August 28, 08. Bayer endangered the lives of the public, two employees were killed, six emergency responders were sickened and a tank full of the deadly chemical methyl isocyanate was close to exploding. One of the men who died, Barry Withrow, had a toxic level of cyanide in his blood that no one has been able to explain. Sixteen air monitoring devices meant to detect chemical releases and video cameras were not working or had been disabled.The Institute plant stores the largest amount of methyl isocyanate (MIC) in the world. Around 40,000 pounds of MIC are stored above ground here. Below ground is an additional storage tank that can hold up to 200,000 pounds of MIC. Congressional investigators concluded that the explosion could have easily damaged the nearby MIC storage tank and triggered a disaster that would have been worse than Bhopal. An explosion at Union Carbide twenty five years ago in Bhopal India released 50,000-90,000 pounds of methl isocyanate gas exposing around 500,000 people to deadly toxins. Within 72 hours about 8-10,000 people died. Since then it is estimated that over 25, 0000 people have died from toxic gas related diseases. These numbers do not include the hundreds of thousands of people who continue to suffer from gas related illness or are born with them. We should also consider how methyl isocyanate impacted Bhopal's environment, in the past, present, and for future generations. Chemical companies have a history of disputing their roles in chemical accidents and often downplay the impact chemicals have on peoples health and the environment. These companies also have a history of being reluctant to compensate victims for pain and suffering. Why are West Virginian's being kept in the dark? All the coal in our hills can't seem to shed enough light on this subject. Follow the money. Please check out the link below to get eye opening facts about the deadly Bayer Chemical Plant Explosion on August 28, 2008. http://energycommerce.house.gov/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1583&catid=133&Itemid=73 New York Times: Trying to Limit Disclosure on Explosion http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/29/us/29chemical.html4 Bayer's Silence on Fatal Factory Explosion Gets National Attention | BNET Pharma Blog | BNET http:​/​/​industry.​bnet.​com/​pharma/​10001535/​bayers-​silence-​on-​fatal-​factory-​explosion-​gets-​national-​attention/​ 4/23 09
Views: 3193 Lisa Bragg
Documentary The Bhopal Disaster INDIA Nat Geo Full 2014 720p HD
 
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The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident in India, considered the world's worst industrial disaster.[1] It oc. The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident in India, considered the world's worst industrial disaster.[1] It oc. The Bhopal Disaster ( INDIA )☢ Nat Geo Full Documentary 2014 ☢ 720p HD The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak . The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident in India, considered the worlds worst industrial disaster.[1]It occurred on .
Views: 278709 Wins Naron
Bhopal Gas Tragedy: 33 Years After Disaster, City Still Cries Foul
 
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The tragedy that struck Bhopal city three decades ago occurred on the intervening night of December 2 and 3, 1984. Toxic Methyl Isocyanate gas which leaked from Union Carbide's pesticide factory claimed over 3,000 people and maimed thousands of others. Bhopal`s third generation, born after the disaster, is also suffering from ailments. (Music Courtesy: www.bensound.com)
The Impact of Pollution on Planetary Health: Emergence of an Underappreciated Risk Factor
 
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The Park Street Corporation Speaker Series welcomed Philip Landrigan, MD, MSc, FAAP, DIH, Professor of Environmental Medicine, Public Health and Pediatrics and Dean for Global Health in the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. As a leader in public health and preventive medicine, Dr. Landrigan spoke on the topic of pollution. The Park Street Corporation Speaker Series began at Boston College in the Spring of 2016 with the goal of convening distinguished professionals, scholars, and activists from medicine, health care, and other related fields around timely subjects related to the intersections of health, humanities, and ethics.
5. MIT and the corporate world in the age of big business, 1890-1930
 
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MIT STS.050 The History of MIT, Spring 2011 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/STS-050S11 Instructor: Daivd Mindell, Ross Bassett License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Views: 1963 MIT OpenCourseWare
Environmental disaster
 
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An environmental disaster is a disaster to the natural environment due to human activity, which distinguishes it from the concept of a natural disaster. It is also distinct from intentional acts of war such as nuclear bombings. In this case, the impact of humans' alteration of the ecosystem has led to widespread and/or long-lasting consequences. It can include the deaths of animals and plants, or severe disruption of human life, possibly requiring migration. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
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Environmental movement | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Environmental movement 00:01:06 1 History 00:01:15 1.1 Early awareness 00:02:26 1.2 Conservation movement 00:04:37 1.3 Formation of environmental protection societies 00:09:31 1.4 20th century 00:15:59 2 United States 00:16:55 2.1 Timeline of US environmental history 00:18:28 3 Latin America 00:19:31 3.1 Brazil 00:20:39 4 Europe 00:22:26 5 Asia 00:22:34 5.1 Middle East 00:24:35 5.2 South Korea and Taiwan 00:26:04 5.3 China 00:28:19 5.4 India 00:31:09 5.5 Bangladesh 00:31:38 6 Africa 00:31:47 6.1 South Africa 00:31:55 7 Oceania 00:32:04 7.1 Australia 00:32:13 7.2 New Zealand 00:32:21 8 Scope of the movement 00:32:50 8.1 Primary focus points 00:36:03 9 Environmental law and theory 00:36:13 9.1 Property rights 00:36:42 9.2 Citizens' rights 00:37:17 9.3 Nature's rights 00:37:45 10 Environmental reactivism 00:38:27 11 Environmentalism today 00:39:58 12 Radical environmentalism 00:41:10 13 Criticisms Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental movement (sometimes referred to as the ecology movement), also including conservation and green politics, is a diverse scientific, social, and political movement for addressing environmental issues. Environmentalists advocate the sustainable management of resources and stewardship of the environment through changes in public policy and individual behavior. In its recognition of humanity as a participant in (not enemy of) ecosystems, the movement is centered on ecology, health, and human rights. The environmental movement is an international movement, represented by a range of organizations, from the large to grassroots and varies from country to country. Due to its large membership, varying and strong beliefs, and occasionally speculative nature, the environmental movement is not always united in its goals. The movement also encompasses some other movements with a more specific focus, such as the climate movement. At its broadest, the movement includes private citizens, professionals, religious devotees, politicians, scientists, nonprofit organizations and individual advocates.
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Dow Chemical Company | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dow_Chemical_Company 00:01:44 1 Products 00:02:20 1.1 Performance plastics 00:03:00 1.2 Performance chemicals 00:03:52 1.3 Water purification 00:04:15 1.4 Agricultural sciences 00:05:01 1.5 Basic plastics 00:05:28 1.6 Basic chemicals 00:06:13 1.7 Hydrocarbons and energy 00:06:44 2 History 00:06:53 2.1 Early history 00:09:22 2.2 Diversification and expansion 00:11:32 2.3 Nuclear weapons 00:12:56 2.4 Vietnam War: napalm and Agent Orange 00:15:08 2.5 Dow Corning breast implants 00:15:52 2.6 Bhopal disaster 00:17:58 2.7 DBCP 00:19:21 2.8 Tax evasion 00:20:23 2.9 Recent mergers, acquisitions and reorganization 00:20:34 2.9.1 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units 00:21:15 2.9.2 Union Carbide merger 00:22:24 2.9.3 2006–2008 restructuring 00:27:04 2.9.3.1 Rohm & Haas Co. purchase 00:28:05 2.9.3.2 Accelerated implementation 00:28:39 2.9.3.3 Strategy interruption 00:30:46 2.9.4 2007 dismissal of senior executives 00:32:03 2.9.5 2008 sale of zoxamide business 00:32:39 2.9.6 2014 – New operating segments 00:33:08 2.9.7 U.S. Gulf Coast investments 00:34:10 2.9.8 Chlorine merger 00:34:46 2.9.9 Merger with DuPont 00:36:18 2.10 Focus on higher margin business 00:37:00 2.11 Dioxin contamination 00:38:19 2.12 Sale of herbicide business 00:39:48 3 Finance 00:40:26 4 Environmental record 00:42:53 5 Board of directors 00:44:03 6 Major sponsorships 00:45:19 7 Major collaborations 00:45:29 7.1 Lab Safety Academy 00:47:26 7.2 Nature conservancy 00:48:26 8 Outlook 00:51:09 9 Subsidiaries and joint ventures 00:51:24 9.1 Subsidiaries 00:51:33 9.2 Current joint ventures 00:52:06 10 Notable employees Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9034054648641466 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont. In 2017, it was the second-largest chemical manufacturer in the world by revenue (after BASF) and as of February 2009, the third-largest chemical company in the world by market capitalization (after BASF and DuPont). It ranked second in the world by chemical production in 2014.Dow manufactures plastics, chemicals, and agricultural products. With a presence in about 160 countries, it employs about 54,000 people worldwide. The company has seven different major operating segments, with a wide variety of products made by each one. Dow's 2012 sales totaled approximately $57 billion. Dow has been called the "chemical companies' chemical company" in that most of its sales are to other industries rather than end-users. Dow sells directly to end-users primarily in the human and animal health and consumer products markets. Dow is a member of the American Chemistry Council. The company tagline is "Solutionism". On September 1, 2017, it merged with DuPont to create DowDuPont. In March 2018, it was announced that Jeff Fettig would become executive chairman of DowDuPont on July 1, 2018, and Jim Fitterling would become CEO of Dow Chemical on April 1, 2018.
Views: 28 wikipedia tts
Acetone | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetone 00:01:10 1 History 00:02:27 2 Metabolism 00:02:36 2.1 Biosynthesis 00:03:18 2.2 Metabolic use 00:04:07 3 Production 00:05:01 3.1 Current method 00:05:42 3.2 Older methods 00:06:30 4 Uses 00:06:48 4.1 Solvent 00:08:03 4.2 Chemical intermediate 00:09:42 4.3 Laboratory 00:10:45 4.4 Medical and cosmetic uses 00:11:38 4.5 Domestic and other niche uses 00:13:03 5 Safety 00:13:12 5.1 Flammability 00:14:24 5.2 Acetone peroxide 00:14:55 5.3 Health information 00:16:18 5.3.1 Toxicology 00:19:45 6 Environmental effects 00:20:46 7 Extraterrestrial occurrence Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Acetone (propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. It is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, and is the simplest and smallest ketone. Acetone is miscible with water and serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically for cleaning purposes in laboratories. About 6.7 million tonnes were produced worldwide in 2010, mainly for use as a solvent and production of methyl methacrylate and bisphenol A. It is a common building block in organic chemistry. Familiar household uses of acetone are as the active ingredient in nail polish remover, and as paint thinner. Acetone is produced and disposed of in the human body through normal metabolic processes. It is normally present in blood and urine. People with diabetes produce it in larger amounts. Reproductive toxicity tests show that it has low potential to cause reproductive problems. Ketogenic diets that increase ketones (acetone, β-hydroxybutyric acid and acetoacetic acid) in the blood are used to counter epileptic attacks in infants and children who suffer from recalcitrant refractory epilepsy.
Views: 2 wikipedia tts
Acetone | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Acetone 00:01:10 1 History 00:02:26 2 Metabolism 00:02:35 2.1 Biosynthesis 00:03:18 2.2 Metabolic use 00:04:06 3 Production 00:05:01 3.1 Current method 00:05:41 3.2 Older methods 00:06:28 4 Uses 00:06:47 4.1 Solvent 00:08:01 4.2 Chemical intermediate 00:09:39 4.3 Laboratory 00:10:42 4.4 Medical and cosmetic uses 00:11:34 4.5 Domestic and other niche uses 00:12:58 5 Safety 00:13:07 5.1 Flammability 00:14:19 5.2 Acetone peroxide 00:14:50 5.3 Health information 00:16:13 5.3.1 Toxicology 00:19:40 6 Environmental effects 00:20:41 7 Extraterrestrial occurrence Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Acetone (propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. It is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, and is the simplest and smallest ketone. Acetone is miscible with water and serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically for cleaning purposes in laboratories. About 6.7 million tonnes were produced worldwide in 2010, mainly for use as a solvent and production of methyl methacrylate and bisphenol A. It is a common building block in organic chemistry. Familiar household uses of acetone are as the active ingredient in nail polish remover, and as paint thinner. Acetone is produced and disposed of in the human body through normal metabolic processes. It is normally present in blood and urine. People with diabetes produce it in larger amounts. Reproductive toxicity tests show that it has low potential to cause reproductive problems. Ketogenic diets that increase ketones (acetone, β-hydroxybutyric acid and acetoacetic acid) in the blood are used to counter epileptic attacks in infants and children who suffer from recalcitrant refractory epilepsy.
Views: 0 wikipedia tts
Organosulfur chemistry | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organosulfur_compounds 00:01:16 1 Classes 00:01:41 1.1 Sulfides 00:05:05 1.2 Thiols, disulfides, polysulfides 00:06:30 1.3 Thioesters 00:07:02 1.4 Sulfoxides, sulfones and thiosulfinates 00:07:56 1.5 Sulfimides, sulfoximides, sulfonediimines 00:09:34 1.6 iS/i-Nitrosothiols 00:10:14 1.7 Sulfur halides 00:11:03 1.8 Thioketones, thioaldehydes, and related compounds 00:12:19 1.8.1 iS/i-Oxides and iS/i,iS/i-dioxides of thiocarbonyl compounds 00:12:56 1.8.2 Triple bonds between carbon and sulfur 00:13:29 1.9 Thiocarboxylic acids and thioamides 00:13:58 1.10 Sulfonic, sulfinic and sulfenic acids, esters, amides, and related compounds 00:15:32 1.11 Sulfonium, oxosulfonium and related salts 00:16:33 1.12 Sulfonium, oxosulfonium and thiocarbonyl ylides 00:17:41 1.13 Sulfuranes and persulfuranes 00:19:26 2 Naturally occurring organosulfur compounds 00:20:29 3 In pollution 00:21:20 3.1 In fossil fuels 00:24:00 3.2 Basis for odor Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8311467431811204 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Organosulfur compounds are organic compounds that contain sulfur. They are often associated with foul odors, but many of the sweetest compounds known are organosulfur derivatives, e.g., saccharin. Nature abounds with organosulfur compounds—sulfur is essential for life. Of the 20 common amino acids, two (cysteine and methionine) are organosulfur compounds, and the antibiotics penicillin (pictured below) and sulfa drugs both contain sulfur. While sulfur-containing antibiotics save many lives, sulfur mustard is a deadly chemical warfare agent. Fossil fuels, coal, petroleum, and natural gas, which are derived from ancient organisms, necessarily contain organosulfur compounds, the removal of which is a major focus of oil refineries. Sulfur shares the chalcogen group with oxygen, selenium, and tellurium, and it is expected that organosulfur compounds have similarities with carbon–oxygen, carbon–selenium, and carbon–tellurium compounds. A classical chemical test for the detection of sulfur compounds is the Carius halogen method.
Views: 48 wikipedia tts
Dow Chemical | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dow_Chemical_Company 00:02:15 1 Products 00:03:02 1.1 Performance plastics 00:03:51 1.2 Performance chemicals 00:04:57 1.3 Water purification 00:05:26 1.4 Agricultural sciences 00:06:26 1.5 Basic plastics 00:06:58 1.6 Basic chemicals 00:07:55 1.7 Hydrocarbons and energy 00:08:33 2 History 00:08:42 2.1 Early history 00:11:55 2.2 Diversification and expansion 00:14:42 2.3 Nuclear weapons 00:16:30 2.4 Vietnam War: napalm and Agent Orange 00:19:20 2.5 Dow Corning breast implants 00:20:16 2.6 Bhopal disaster 00:23:01 2.7 DBCP 00:24:49 2.8 Tax evasion 00:26:11 2.9 Recent mergers, acquisitions and reorganization 00:26:24 2.9.1 1990s – transition from geographic alignment to global business units 00:27:16 2.9.2 Union Carbide merger 00:28:44 2.9.3 2006–2008 restructuring 00:34:55 2.9.3.1 Rohm & Haas Co. purchase 00:36:14 2.9.3.2 Accelerated implementation 00:36:56 2.9.3.3 Strategy interruption 00:39:43 2.9.4 2007 dismissal of senior executives 00:41:22 2.9.5 2008 sale of zoxamide business 00:42:09 2.9.6 2014 – New operating segments 00:42:45 2.9.7 U.S. Gulf Coast investments 00:44:04 2.9.8 Chlorine merger 00:44:50 2.9.9 Merger with DuPont 00:46:48 2.10 Focus on higher margin business 00:47:41 2.11 Dioxin contamination 00:49:22 2.12 Sale of herbicide business 00:51:19 3 Finance 00:52:05 4 Environmental record 00:55:15 5 Board of directors 00:56:42 6 Major sponsorships 00:58:20 7 Major collaborations 00:58:30 7.1 Lab Safety Academy 01:01:00 7.2 Nature conservancy 01:02:18 8 Outlook 01:05:51 9 Subsidiaries and joint ventures 01:06:09 9.1 Subsidiaries 01:06:18 9.2 Current joint ventures 01:06:59 10 Notable employees Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7260027401395336 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont. In 2017, it was the second-largest chemical manufacturer in the world by revenue (after BASF) and as of February 2009, the third-largest chemical company in the world by market capitalization (after BASF and DuPont). It ranked second in the world by chemical production in 2014.Dow manufactures plastics, chemicals, and agricultural products. With a presence in about 160 countries, it employs about 54,000 people worldwide. The company has seven different major operating segments, with a wide variety of products made by each one. Dow's 2012 sales totaled approximately $57 billion. Dow has been called the "chemical companies' chemical company" in that most of its sales are to other industries rather than end-users. Dow sells directly to end-users primarily in the human and animal health and consumer products markets. Dow is a member of the American Chemistry Council. The company tagline is "Solutionism". On September 1, 2017, it merged with DuPont to create DowDuPont. In March 2018, it was announced that Jeff Fettig would become executive chairman of DowDuPont on July 1, 2018, and Jim Fitterling would become CEO of Dow Chemical on April 1, 2018.
Views: 32 wikipedia tts