From VOA Learning English, this is EXPLORATIONS in Special English. I'm Jeri Watson. And I'm Jim Tedder. Today we visit a small museum in the American state of Maryland. It is called the National Cryptologic Museum. There you will find information that was once secret. The National Cryptologic Museum is on Fort George G. Meade, a military base near Washington, DC. It tells the story of cryptology and the men and women who have worked in this unusual profession. The word cryptology comes from the Greek "kryptos logos." It means "hidden word." Cryptology is writing or communicating in ways designed to hide the meaning of your words. The museum has many examples of equipment that was once used to make information secret. It also has equipment that was developed to read secret messages. The method of hiding exact meanings is called coding. People have used secret codes throughout history to protect important information. One display at the museum explains American attempts to read Japanese military information during World War Two. Japan's Navy used special machines to change its written information into secret codes. This coded information was then sent by radio to navy ships and military bases. The information included secret military plans and orders. The leaders of the Japanese Navy believed no one could read or understand the secret codes. They were wrong. Americans were working very hard to learn the Japanese code. The United States urgently needed to break the code to learn what Japan was planning. In 1940, an American woman named Genevieve Grotjan found some information being repeated in Japanese coded messages. At the time, she was a civilian working for the government in Washington, DC. Her discovery helped the United States understand secret Japanese diplomatic messages. After the United States understood the code, it was possible to study messages from the Japanese ambassador to Germany and to his supervisors in Japan. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, an American Naval officer named Joseph Rochefort struggled to understand the Japanese navy code. He worked on the American base at Pearl Harbor. It was early in 1942. The American naval commander in the Pacific Ocean was Chester Nimitz. His forces were much smaller than the Japanese Naval forces. And the Japanese had been winning many victories. Joseph Rochefort had worked for several months to read the secret Japanese Naval code called JN-25. If he could understand enough of the code, he would be able to give Admiral Nimitz very valuable information. The admiral could use this information to plan for battle. By the early part of the year, Mr. Rochefort and the men who worked with him could read a little less than 20 percent of the Japanese JN-25 code. Joseph Rochefort had the evidence he needed. "AF" was now known to be the island of Midway. He also told Admiral Nimitz the Japanese would attack Midway on June third. The admiral secretly moved his small force to an area near Midway and waited for the Japanese Navy. The battle that followed was a huge American victory. Experts now say the Battle of Midway was the beginning of the American victory in the Pacific. That victory was possible because Joseph Rochefort learned to read enough of the Japanese code to discover the meaning of the letters "AF." One American code has never been broken. Perhaps it never will. It was used in the Pacific during World War Two. For many years the government would not discuss this secret code. Listen for a moment to this very unusual code. Then you may understand why the Japanese military forces were never able to understand any of it. The code is in the voice of a Native American. The man you just heard is singing a simple song in the Navajo language. Very few people outside the Navajo nation are able to speak any of their very difficult language. At the beginning of World War Two, the United States Marine Corps asked members of the Navajo tribe to train as Code Talkers. The Cryptologic Museum says the Marine Corps Code Talkers could take a sentence in English and change it into their language in about 20 seconds. A code machine needed about 30 minutes to do the same work. The Navajo Code Talkers took part in every battle the Marines entered in the Pacific during World War Two. The Japanese were very skilled at breaking codes. But they were never able to understand any of what they called "The Marine Code." Perhaps the most famous is a World War Two German code machine called the Enigma. The word "enigma" means a puzzle or a problem that is difficult to solve. The German military used the Enigma machine to communicate orders and plans. The United States, Britain, and the government of Poland cooperated in learning to read information sent by the Enigma. It took thousands of people and cost millions of dollars to read the Enigma information. This is a VOA product and is in the public domain
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David Hatch, "The Cryptology Behind the Battle of Midway," Lecture of Opportunity, June 3, 2015. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 13604 usnavalwarcollege
Click here: http://geni.us/JansonMediaYT to subscribe to Janson Media and get notified for more videos! Janson Media uploads on the daily to stay tuned for more videos of your interest By attacking Midway atoll, at the far western end of the Hawaiian chain, the Japanese hoped to lure the US Pacific Fleet into the open sea and destroy it. Instead, due to superb US intelligence and costly Japanese tactical errors, the attack marked the destruction of the Japanese Fleet and the end of Tokyo’s supremacy in the Pacific Ocean. This super film portrays the momentous battle in a day-by-day account. ▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽ 🎥Share this video through this link! https://youtu.be/TZH-K0theTg 🎥Subscribe Here! http://geni.us/JansonMediaYT ▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽ Enjoy our collection of videos that the entire family can enjoy here in Janson Media! With all the modern technology and mediums that surrounds us today, we believe that our stories will provide you and your friends as they'll keep looking for us as they will want to enjoy watching their favorite shows while learning and having fun! We at Janson Media wants to provide you with the entertainment and education that you need through the means of broadcast media and even online! We want to make sure that you are receiving the type of entertainment and learning experience that you’ll be needing! We always upload on the daily, to get regularly updated of our videos go on and SUBSCRIBE and click the NOTIFICATION BELL and never miss a video here in Janson Media! Janson Media features over 17,000 hours of exclusive content available for worldwide distribution! This includes standalone films and documentaries, full episode television shows of different genres such as animation, cartoons, drama, comedy, music and performances, lifestyle, current affairs, social issues, science and technology, health and wellness, nature & wildlife, travel, sports, adventure, history, pop culture and definitely more than all of that! Janson Media already has an extensive library and yet it continues to grow as it embarks onto digital platforms and apps welcoming a new generation of viewers through modern means! Over 29 years of experience in the global film, television, and video distribution business, building and nurturing a reputation for quality, and integrity. The company has licensed content to virtually every country in the world, and its clients include major video-on-demand platforms, broadcasters, and home-entertainment companies. Janson Media’s digital distribution reaches tens of millions of consumers around the world via its direct relationships with such major digital video platforms as Amazon, YouTube, Netflix, iTunes, Twitch, Hulu, Facebook, and others. Search for Related Keywords World War II: The Battle of Midway World War 2: The Battle of Midway US Pacific Fleet Pacific Fleet WWII: Pacific Fleet WWII: The Battle of Midway World War: The Battle of Midway The Battle of Midway World War 2: Battle of Midway Battle of Midway: World War 2 World War II: Documentary World War II: Full Documentary World War 2: Full Documentary World War 2: Documentary History of World War 2 World War 2 History Documentary of World War 2 World War World War Documentary World War Full Documentary Janson Media Janson Janson Media Group ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ At Janson Media, we are always looking for quality, engaging content across a wide range of genres. If you want to be one of our Content Partners, let us hear from you! Submit your content here! https://www.janson.com/submit ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ There’s no better way to entertain and educate yourself through Janson Media! Subscribe and get notified for more videos!
Views: 727991 Janson Media
June 3, 2014 NEWPORT, R.I. -- Jonathan Parshall, historian and co-author of the book "Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway," delivers a presentation about the Battle of Midway to students, staff and faculty at U.S. Naval War College (NWC) in Newport, Rhode Island. The Battle of Midway, which took place June 4-7, 1942, was considered the high water mark for the Japanese navy and the turning point of the war in the Pacific during World War II. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 75967 usnavalwarcollege
This video shows you that vIn 1972, the Navy Used a Very Special Spy Submarine to Wiretap the Russian Navy. Support Us: Headphone: https://amzn.to/2Mg6bAm Amazon TV Stick: https://amzn.to/2OZHnuS Mi band: https://amzn.to/2nu0xfY Since 2015, there have been reports of Russian submarines and spy ships trawling the waters near the ocean-spanning underwater fiber-optic cables vital to trans-oceanic Internet access. In fact, reported activity by spy ship Yartar off the U.S. nuclear-armed submarine base in King’s Bay, Georgia is likely in search of secret military cables used exclusively by the Pentagon. The Russians might be interested in hacking into those cables because the U.S. Navy pulled of such an exploit forty-six years earlier using a specially-modified spy submarine, a nuclear-powered wiretap, and some helium-swilling aquanauts. The Halibut, Missile-Sub Turned Spy Submarine Commissioned in 1960, the USS Halibut was a one-of-a-kind nuclear-powered submarine designed to launch Regulus II nuclear-tipped cruise missiles. The 5,000-ton submarine housed two 17.5-meter-long Regulus II missiles in a grotesquely bulged hangar on her foredeck. The missiles were launched while surfaced from a hydraulically extended ramp to strike targets up to 1,150 miles away. However, by the time the Halibut entered service, the Navy had developed the Polaris, the U.S.’s first Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile, which could be fired from underwater into space to strike target nearly 3,000 miles away. The obsolete Regulus II was canceled a year before the Halibut was commissioned in 1960, and the submarine spent four years lugging five older Regulus I missiles on deterrence patrols before these too were retired. Still, the Navy saw useful potential in the Halibut’s unconventional layout, and in 1968 she received a unique overhaul. The bulged missile hangar was converted into the ‘Bat Cave’ (inspired by comic book character’s lair) stuffed full of spy equipment, including a rare 60s-era 24bit UNIVAC computer, a retractable seafloor-scanning sonar, and a photo-developing lab. A well underneath the Bat Cave could deploy two 2-ton ‘Fish’—remotely operated underwater spy vehicles. Halibut’s lower hull had special thrustors and anchoring winches to maintain its position on the sea floor and later received four skids allowing it to safely ‘land’ there. Read Full Article On: https://nationalinterest.org america vs russia, russia and us, russia military, russia military news, russia military power, russia military strength, russia vs america, russia vs us, russia vs usa, russia vs usa military, russia vs usa military power, russian armed forces, russian army, russian army equipment, russian army news, russian army vs us army, russian nuclear submarine, russian submarine, submarine, us and russia, usa vs russia, usa vs russia military #GlobalConflict, #DefenceNews #IndianDefenceNews ====================================================================================================== DISCLAIMER: Each and every content used in this video is not imaginary. All are taken from reputed news agencies. This video doesn’t meant to hurt anybody's personal feelings,beliefs and religion. We are not responsible for any of these statements used in this video. If you have any suggestion or query regarding this video, you can contact me on YouTube personal Message and you can send me message in my Facebook page. Thank you & regards Global conflicts ====================================================================================================== Channel Link: https://www.youtube.com/c/Globalconflict7 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/GlobalConflict7/ Fan Page: https://www.facebook.com/globalconflict/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Gl0balC0nflict ======================================================================================================
Views: 868 Global Conflict
● Please SUPPORT my work on Patreon: https://bit.ly/2LT6opZ ● Visit my 2ND CHANNEL: https://bit.ly/2ILbyX8 ►Facebook: https://bit.ly/2INA7yt ►Twitter: https://bit.ly/2Lz57nY ►Google+: https://bit.ly/2IPz7dl ✚ Watch my "Vietnam" PLAYLIST: https://bit.ly/2IN26mj US Navy documentary film. A comprehensive review of the US Navy’s missions in Vietnam, 1967.
Views: 73905 The Best Film Archives
American History TV visits the National Cryptologic Museum to learn about the making and breaking of secret codes. This portion of our visit examines the role of cryptology in the Battle of Midway. Our full two-part program also includes a look at the breaking of the German "Enigma" code in World War II. Watch here: http://cs.pn/2gFku0x
Views: 2993 C-SPAN
U.S. Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association Naval cryptology traces its history to the Civil War, when specially trained personnel intercepted and deciphered enemy signals and formulated ways to protect their own communications. The first wireless transmission from a Navy ship in 1899 created newly assigned responsibilities in radio intelligence and communications security to Sailors and Marines. In October 1928, the Navy’s and Marine Corps’ first training class of radio intercept operators convened. The school’s original location was in a blockhouse on the roof of the old Navy Department building. Graduates were nicknamed the “On-the-Roof Gang.” There are three survivors today. From 1928 to 1941, the school graduated 176 Sailors and Marines who were the first enlisted radio operators and formed the vanguard of naval cryptology. The evolution of naval cryptology from 1924 to 1935 gave rise to the Communications Security Group which was established on March 11, 1935. The original organization was later renamed the Naval Security Group. During World War II, nearly 10,000 naval cryptologists deployed worldwide supporting every major campaign. Since then, cryptologists have played a direct role in every U.S. conflict and have evolved to meet the dynamic challenges of modern cyber warfare. Today, the community is more than 11,000 strong. Feb. 6, 2004 –The Navy established the Cryptologic Technician Networks (CTN) rating to meet fleet requirements in computer network operations. Sept. 15, 2005 – The Navy renamed cryptologic officers “information warfare officers” to reflect the expanded competencies of information operations and cyber warfare. Sept. 30, 2005 – The Naval Security Group was disestablished and all missions were assumed by Naval Network Warfare Command. Oct. 1, 2009 – The Information Dominance Corps was established. The Corps consists of four separate communities: IW/CT; Intelligence/Intelligence Specialists; Information Professionals and Technicians; and Oceanographers/Aerographers. Jan. 29, 2010 – U.S. 10th Fleet was recommissioned, Fleet Cyber Command was established, and the dual-hatted command assumed the Navy’s cryptologic, information operations, cyber, electronic warfare and space missions. Nov. 26, 2012 – Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Dominance/Director of Naval Intelligence, and Commander, U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. 10th Fleet, promulgated strategies that set the course for Information Dominance for the decade. March 22, 2013 – Commander, U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. 10th Fleet announced the winner of the 2013 Captain Joseph Rochefort Information Warfare (IW) Officer Distinguished Leadership Award. Vice. Adm. Michael S. Rogers announced Lt. Cmdr. Lemuel "Seth" Lawrence, executive officer of Navy Information Operations Command Pensacola, is the 2013 winner. April 19, 2013 –U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. 10th Fleet Sailor was named 2012 Navy Shore Sailor of the Year. Vice Adm. Richard W. Hunt, Director, Navy Staff, announced that Cryptologic Technician (Networks) 1st Class Petty Officer Shannon N. McQueen, CTF 1060/Navy Information Operations Command (NIOC) Maryland, is 2012 Navy Shore Sailor of the Year.
Views: 24 Fre Yourmind
Secret Codebreakers WW II, JN25, America vs. Japan, Pearl Harbor
Views: 1426 War Documentaries
Please Support - https://www.patreon.com/battlestack/ The battle of Midway was fought in 1942 during the 2nd World War. Continuing with the strategy of extending their defensive boundaries, the Japanese decided to attempt an invasion of the Pacific atoll of Midway in order to draw the Americans into a decisive battle and eliminate their base in the Pacific. Would the Americans be able to defend Midway from invasion? Find out in this animated video! Please donate to help fund future videos!: https://www.patreon.com/battlestack/ Thanks! Other Battles: Gunfight at the OK Corral - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_8MN1PWcgyk Battle of Crecy - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ku8xKk-GAVM Battle of Lexington & Concord - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vu08_ywyVK4 Battle of Bunker Hill - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7ChSd_q4Og The Battle of Bosworth (York vs Lancaster - War of the Roses) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JI8RvxEPJXs The Spanish Armada - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5-vyDB_y_RE Battle of Telamon - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPQvsjC8_1Y Battle of Marathon - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTxNg9Hi6J8 Battle of Isandlwana - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSeZv6MnZEI Battle of Rorke's Drift - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7B9dRpWMp80 Battle of Hastings - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1igADZpHek Battle of Cannae - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mo6kYR6hiAw Battle of Bannockburn - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3U1Xi_Odt0
Views: 4072 BattleStack
U.S. Fleet Cyber Command serves as the (1) Navy Component Command to U.S. Strategic Command and U.S. Cyber Command, providing operational employment of the Navy's cyber, network operations, information operations, cryptologic, and space forces and (2) Navy's Service Cryptologic Component commander to the National Security Agency/Central Security Service. Fleet Cyber Command is an echelon 2 command reporting to the Chief of Naval Operations for administrative and service related matters. TENTH Fleet (C10F) is the operational arm of Fleet Cyber Command and executes its mission set through the same maritime warfighting organizations and mechanisms that the Navy uses in other warfighting domains. That is, C10F is a three-star numbered fleet that provides operational oversight and uses its Maritime Operations Center to execute command and control over its assigned forces and subordinate Task Forces. These Task Forces are organized to execute the actions necessary to support the Combatant or Joint Force Commander within their assigned mission sets of cyber/networks, information operations, electronic warfare, signals intelligence, and space. The backbone of this cyber capability is a motivated work force of uniformed and civilian teammates who are the foundation of the Navy's efforts in the cyber domain. For more information, please visit: www.fcc.navy.mil.
Views: 18327 U.S. Navy
Linguists aren’t just interpreting and translating in America’s Navy, they are also producing intelligence reports. Cryptologic Technician Interpretive (CTI) Chief Donna Gordon explains the role of a CTI in this video. Analyzing encrypted electronic communications. Jamming enemy radar signals. Deciphering information in foreign languages. Maintaining the state-of-the-art equipment and networks used to generate top secret intel. This is the highly specialized work of the Enlisted Sailors in the Navy Cryptology community. Learn more here: http://www.navy.com/careers/information-and-technology/cryptology.html
Views: 19647 America's Navy
Gene Schindler started out Dec 7 1941 two days out of Manila where he had been kicked out of radio cryptography school for misbehaving. (Nearly ALL the radio students in class then at Manila later died of illness or were executed by the Japanese). Here he talks of the first offensive strike on the Japanese in WWII at Balikapapan (Borneo) and the Java Sea battle - but he reroutes his story back to Balikapappan before he digs in much on the Java Sea Battle. He was in USS Paul Jones (a four piper can). Great story teller and a tremendous history. (look for more clips with Schindler - the stories came "out of order in time". USS Gwinn USS Paul Jones Gene Schindler Asiatic Fleet me3tv pacific war veteran wwii navy
Views: 1149 me3tv
Ian Toll, "The Conquering Tide: War in the Pacific Island, 1942-1944," Eight Bells Book Lecture, Naval War College Museum, April 7, 2016. Part of Toll’s Pacific War Trilogy, this masterful history encompasses the heart of the Pacific War―the period between mid-1942 and mid-1944―when parallel Allied counteroffensives north and south of the equator washed over Japan's far-flung island empire like a "conquering tide," concluding with Japan's irreversible strategic defeat in the Marianas. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 10341 usnavalwarcollege
http://www.nationalww2museum.org/ Author Jonathan Parshall discusses the Battle of Midway from the perspective of the Japanese side of the battle in his book, "Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway." This talk was recorded at The National WWII Museum International Conference on WWII: From Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal, December 7-9, 2011. Save the date for the next International Conference on WWII: December 6-8, 2012 in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Views: 48446 The National WWII Museum
June 4, 2013 U.S. Naval War College Commemoration of the Battle of Midway: "Gettysburg and Midway: Historical Parallels in Command" Prof. Robert Rubel, Dean, Center for Naval Warfare Studies Introduction by Rear Adm. John N. Christenson, president U.S. Naval War College The battles of Gettysburg and Midway each represented a major turning point in their respective wars. In each case a vaunted enemy commander leading a tactically and technically outstanding force was defeated by an underdog American force. The reasons for the Confederate and Japanese defeats are similar, which provide lessons in operational level leadership. This lecture will trace the parallels between the battles and examine how the same defects in planning and decision making on the part of Gen. Robert E. Lee and Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto produced similar results: strategic defeat. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 4661 usnavalwarcollege
What we don’t know could hurt us. That’s why America’s Navy has Cryptologic Technicians gathering intelligence every minute of every day. Play a key role in deciphering communication signals, decoding recordings, conducting radar surveillance, jamming guided weapons systems or using state-of-the-art technology—all to ensure cybersecurity. This is not a realm many can inhabit. If you have what it takes to battle with mental muscle, cryptology is your domain. Learn more at http://bit.ly/2O6FSKC
Views: 108678 America's Navy
Start protecting yourself on the web at https://NordVPN.com/SCISHOW or use code SCISHOW to save 75% off of a 3-year Virtual Private Network plan, plus 1 month free. Keeping our data safe and secure is necessary in today's world, but a lot of the encryption we depend on has been in development for thousands of years! Hosted by: Stefan Chin Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe! ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: http://book.itep.ru/depository/crypto/Cryptography_history.pdf https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/vpns/history-encryption-730 http://cryptogramma.com/cryptogramma/How_it_works.html https://books.google.com/books?id=Zb2RBQAAQBAJ&lpg=PA14&ots=ycTpjodUS3&pg=PA14#v=onepage&f=false https://www.britannica.com/topic/transposition-cipher https://books.google.com/books?id=o3YbiVuTg70C&lpg=PP1&pg=PT29#v=onepage&q&f=false http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Plutarch/Lives/Lysander*.html https://www.coursera.org/lecture/symmetric-crypto/product-cipher-d1DgA http://www.moserware.com/2009/09/stick-figure-guide-to-advanced.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aH6h52aMGT8 https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1824151 http://www.networkdls.com/Articles/tr-601.pdf ftp://ftp.rsasecurity.com/pub/pdfs/tr701.pdf https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2FBFb0040277.pdf http://cacr.uwaterloo.ca/hac/about/chap6.pdf https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MsqqpO9R5Hc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSIDS_lvRv4 https://www.digicert.com/TimeTravel/math.htm
Views: 90096 SciShow
The United States navy was not ready for war. It had only a few real warships and a small number of gunboats. It could not hope to defeat the British navy, the most powerful in the world. What the United States planned to do was seize Canada, the British territory to the north. Twenty-five hundred British soldiers guarded the border. And American generals believed they could win an easy victory. They were wrong. An American general named William Hull led 2,000 men across the Canadian border. British soldiers were prepared, and they forced the Americans back. The British fought so well that General Hull surrendered all his men and the city of Detroit. The next American attack was made from Fort Niagara, a military center in New York on the shore of Lake Ontario. A small group of American soldiers crossed the Niagara River and attacked the British. Other Americans state soldiers of New York refused to cross the border to help against the British. They calmly watched as British soldiers shot down the attacking Americans. The third campaign was made by General Henry Dearborn. He led an army of state soldiers from Plattsburgh, New York, to the Canadian border. He was to cross the border and attack Montreal. But the state soldiers again refused to cross the border. Dearborn could do nothing but march them back to Plattsburgh. British forces at this time were winning victories. They captured an American fort in northern Michigan. And Indians fighting for the British captured a fort at the place now known as Chicago. Just two months after the war started, the United States warship Constitution forced a British ship to surrender. Several months later another American ship, the Wasp, captured the British ship Frolic. Then the frigate the United States defeated one of Britain's most famous fighting ships, the Macedonian. The British ship was captured and brought to the United States. There were other victories at sea. At the end of six months, the United States navy had captured six British ships and lost only one of its own vessels. William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana territory, formed a large force to try to capture Detroit from the British. At the same time, Captain Oliver Perry built five warships on Lake Erie. With these and four he already had, Perry met and completely defeated an English naval force. Perry reported his victory to Harrison: "We have met the enemy, and they are ours." Perry's victory and Harrison's large force caused the British to withdraw from Detroit, and from a British fort at Malden, in Canada. Harrison's men continued to chase the enemy. They caught them and defeated them in the battle of the Thames. Killed in this battle was the great Indian chief Tecumseh who had been fighting for the British. About four thousand British soldiers landed on the Chesapeake coast, southeast of Washington. They marched quickly toward the capital. An American general, William Winder, commanded a force two times the size of the British group. Winder was not a good general, and his troops did not defend well. The two sides met at Bladensburg, a town ten kilometers from Washington. The British attacked and at first the American defenders held their ground. But then, British soldiers broke through the American lines, and the Americans began to run away. General Winder ordered his men back to Washington. A group of sailors refused to retreat with their artillery. Commanded by Joshua Barney, the four hundred sailors chose to stand and fight. The struggle did not last long against the four thousand British soldiers. Barney held his position for a half hour before enemy soldiers got behind his men and silenced the guns. The British thought so much of his courage that they carried him to a hospital for their own soldiers at Bladensburg. Barney himself said the British officers treated him as a brother. The commanders of the British force, General Robert Ross and Admiral Sir George Cockburn, took a group of men to the Capitol and set fire to it. Then the two commanders went to the White House to burn it. Before setting fire to the president's home, Cockburn took one of President Madison's hats and the seat from one of Dolley Madison's chairs. The admiral found the president's table ready for dinner. As a joke, he took a glass of wine and toasted the health of "President Jemmy Baltimore port was guarded by Fort McHenry. British warships sailed close to the fort and tried to destroy it with their guns. But the attack did little real damage to the fort. A young American civilian, Francis Scott Key, was aboard one of the British warships during the twenty-five-hour shelling of Fort McHenry. All through the night, the young man watched the shells bursting and the rockets exploding over the fort. In the first light of morning, he saw that the American flag still flew. Francis Scott Key wrote the words of "The Star-Spangled Banner," the national anthem of the United States.
Views: 7375 ListenAndReadAlong
Norman Friedman, “Fighters Over the Fleet: Naval Air Defence from Biplanes to the Cold War,” Eight Bells Book Lecture, Naval War College Museum, March 1, 2018. “Fighters Over the Fleet” is an account of the parallel evolution of naval fighters for fleet air defense and the ships they sought to defend. This volume concentrates on the three main advocates of carrier warfare: the Royal Navy, the U.S. Navy, and the Imperial Japanese Navy. Because radar was not invented until the mid-1930s, fleet air defense was a primitive effort for flyers during the 1920s. Once the innovative system was developed and utilized, organized air defense became viable. Thus major naval-air battles of the Second World War—like Midway, the “Pedestal” convoy, the Philippine Sea and Okinawa—are portrayed as tests of the new technology. However, even radar was ultimately found wanting by the Kamikaze campaigns, which led to postwar moves toward computer control and new kinds of fighters. After 1945, the novel threats of nuclear weapons and stand-off missiles compounded the difficulties of naval air defense. The second half of the book covers the U.S. and Royal Navies’ attempts to resolve these problems by examining the U.S. experience in Vietnam and British operations during the Falklands War. The book then turns to the ultimate U.S. development of techniques and technology to fight the Outer Air Battle in the 1980s before concluding with the current state of technology supported carrier fighters. Dr. Friedman has been concerned throughout his career with the way in which policy and technology intersect, in fields as disparate as national missile defence, nuclear strategy, and network-centric warfare. An internationally known strategist and naval historian, he spent more than a decade at a major US think-tank, and another decade as consultant to the Secretary of the Navy. Dr Friedman has written more than 40 books on naval strategy and technology, including an award-winning account of the US Cold War Strategy and histories of British (and Commonwealth) and U.S. aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, and frigates as well as U.S. submarines. He contributes a monthly column on world naval developments to the Naval Institute’s Proceeding magazine and writes articles for journals worldwide. Dr. Friedman holds a PhD.in physics from Columbia University, New York. He lectures widely on defence issues in forums such as the National Defence University, the Naval War College and the Royal United Services Institute. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 2164 usnavalwarcollege
The USS Hornet was located by the R/V Petrel research ship near the Solomon Islands. The Hornet was sunk during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in 1942. It went down nearly 24 hours after being attacked by Japanese dive bombers and torpedo planes. 140 out of its crew of 2200 had died. The Petrel expedition used archival data from other U.S. warships to create a research grid, and the ship's autonomous underwater vehicle was deployed after a scan revealed a sizable object. The underwater robot found the Hornet on its first dive mission. Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Website: https://www.cgtn.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing Tiktok: https://m.tiktok.com/h5/share/usr/6593878228716666886.html?u_code=d1kab7mki4ai6e&utm_campaign=client_share&app=musically&utm_medium=ios&user_id=6593878228716666886&tt_from=copy&utm_source=copy Douyin: https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=http%3A%2F%2Fv.douyin.com%2F8QTXhV%2F&redir_token=WkBScl40kZbx7ZwJ9M7QhhTjErx8MTU0NTcyMTg3N0AxNTQ1NjM1NDc3&event=channel_description
Views: 742 CGTN
Renowned authority on naval tactics, NPS Dean Emeritus Wayne Hughes releases a new edition of his seminal book, “Fleet Tactics and Naval Operations.” Co-authored with retired Rear Adm. Robert Girrier, and with a forward by Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson, the new edition traces the historical evolution of tactics, analysis and operations from the age of sail to the present, including an expanded understanding of how emerging technologies are impacting battles at sea.
Views: 1104 Naval Postgraduate School
As part of the "Lunchbox Lecture" series, Navy Captain Rick Jacobs gives a lecture outlining one of the most decisive naval battles in the Pacific Theater during World War II, in which the Allies suffered a defeat at the hands of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Views: 37888 The National WWII Museum
As part of The General Raymond E. Mason, Jr. Distinguished Lecture Series on World War II, hear author Jonathan Parshall discuss decisive strategies of both the Imperial Navy and Allied Navy during the Battle of Midway in World War II. This event was a "Turning Point" of the war that ultimately led to a Japanese naval defeat in which they were never able to fully recover from.
Views: 30975 The National WWII Museum
David W. Jourdan, "The Search for the Japanese Fleet: USS Nautilus and the Battle of Midway," Eight Bells Book Lecture, Naval War College Museum, May 26, 2016. In The Search for the Japanese Fleet, David W. Jourdan, one of the world’s experts in undersea exploration, reconstructs the critical role the submarine USS Nautilus played in the Battle of Midway, considered to be the turning point of the war in the Pacific. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 5746 usnavalwarcollege
Lincoln Paine, "The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World" Eight Bells Book Lecture, Naval War College Museum, Jan. 16, 2014. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley draws upon the examples of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India, Southeast and East Asia who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish vibrant overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European overseas expansion. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 3591 usnavalwarcollege
Six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States defeated Japan in one of the most decisive naval battles of World War II. Thanks in part to major . CHECK OUT OUR 2ND CHANNEL: ✚Watch our World War 2 in the Pacific PLAYLIST: . The Nimitz-class supercarriers are a class of ten nuclear-powered aircraft carriers in service with the United States Navy. The lead ship of the class is named for . CHECK OUT OUR 2ND CHANNEL: ✚ Watch our World War 2 in the Pacific PLAYLIST: .
Views: 1425 f4men
Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675040843_Victory-over-Japan_Japanese-cruiser_naval-fight-near-Midway_Admiral-Nimitz Historic Stock Footage Archival and Vintage Video Clips in HD. Scenes from Battle of Midway with US Navy forces defeating Japanese navy; US Naval Academy cadets graduating June 19, 1942. United States plane attacking Japanese naval ships during the Battle of Midway in June 1942. Explosions seen. Japanese cruiser burns during a naval fight near Midway. Japanese naval ships attempting to flee. Disabled and burning ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz presents decorations after the battle. Bombers are manufactured in United States. US Navy cadets from the Naval Academy. Midshipmen parade on the grounds at Annapolis. Families gathered to watch the ceremonies. Inside the historic hall of the old academy, Cadets receive their wartime commissions a year early. Graduating cadets shaking hands with Academy administrators. Cadets of the class of 1943 cheer and throw their hats in the air at end of commencement ceremonies on June 19, 1942. Location: Pacific Theater. Date: June 19, 1942. Visit us at www.CriticalPast.com: 57,000+ broadcast-quality historic clips for immediate download. Fully digitized and searchable, the CriticalPast collection is one of the largest archival footage collections in the world. All clips are licensed royalty-free, worldwide, in perpetuity. CriticalPast offers immediate downloads of full-resolution HD and SD masters and full-resolution time-coded screeners, 24 hours a day, to serve the needs of broadcast news, TV, film, and publishing professionals worldwide. Still photo images extracted from the vintage footage are also available for immediate download. CriticalPast is your source for imagery of worldwide events, people, and B-roll spanning the 20th century.
Views: 808 CriticalPast
WWII veteran Florence Johnson shares her experiences while serving in the U.S. Navy WAVES during the war. She was stationed in Washington, D.C. and worked in the secretive cryptology department. Website | http://www.ww2veteranshistoryproject.com Facebook | https://www.facebook.com/ww2veteransh... Twitter | https://twitter.com/ww2vhp #WWIIVHP #TravelingMuseumOfWWII
Views: 252 WWII Veterans History Project
China was not a single nation until after World War 2 and has a long history of war with Japan. Its cities and ports became vital `open trade' areas at the region of the world. During the War China suffered abuse and butality from the Japanese similar to what happened to Jewish prisoners in Germany.
Views: 38 Port Horizon
Niall MacKay, "Weighing the Fog of War: A Bayesian study of the Battle of the Dogger Bank, 24th January 1915," Eight Bells Book Lecture, Naval War College Museum, Feb. 4, 2016. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea on 24 January 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. Even though it was considered a British victory, both Britain and Germany soon replaced commanders who were thought to have shown poor judgement. Both navies made some changes to equipment and procedures in response to problems identified during the battle. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 5504 usnavalwarcollege
East vs West, Democracy vs Communism, USA vs the Soviet Union- unfortunately for the residents of Vietnam they would become the casualties of a struggle far greater than themselves as two superpowers jockeyed for global domination, with their nation as one of countless proxy battlefields. How much do you really know about the Vietnam War though? Hello and welcome to another episode of The Infographics Show- today we're taking a look at 50 incredible facts about the Vietnam War. SUBSCRIBE TO US -► http://bit.ly/TheInfographicsShow -------------------------------------------------------------------------- WEBSITE (SUGGEST A TOPIC): http://theinfographicsshow.com SOCIAL: Twitter........► https://twitter.com/TheInfoShow Subreddit...► http://reddit.com/r/TheInfographicsShow -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Sources for this episode: 🎬 GRAPHICS, MUSIC AND TEMPLATES PROVIDED BY ENVATO ELEMENTS - Check them out here http://bit.ly/Elements-InfographicsShow
Views: 663524 The Infographics Show
In today's video we provide an overview of the Dutch East Indies, update the games mod and get our first taste of the allied code breaking advantage as the evidence grows that the enemy is making a play for the Island of Midway. XTRG’s Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/XThatRandomGamer The Map Mod: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1YYEtYDLPrPYtbeq2MnKcgJ4VZojxzin4?usp=sharing … ► Summary: Introducing a new PBEM series of Matrix/Slitherine’s game, War in the Pacific: Admirals Edition ► Want to Participate in these episodes? Join me for my livestreams on Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/thehistoricalgamer ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ War in the Pacific: Admirals Edition – http://www.matrixgames.com/products/351/details/War.in.the.Pacific.-.Admirals.Edition War in the Pacific: Admirals Edition, is a monster turn based strategy game which puts you in the shows of either the Allies or the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. Based on the award winning War in the Pacific from 2 by 3 Games and Matrix Games, the standalone expansion, Gary Grigsby’s War in the Pacific - Admiral’s Edition, adds significant improvements and changes to the original title to enhance game play, improve realism, and increase historical accuracy. With dozens of new features, new art, and engine improvements, War in the Pacific - Admiral's Edition is the most realistic and engrossing WWII Pacific theater game available. The immense scale is 40 miles per hex with losses covering individual vehicles, aircraft, guns and squads. Since half the planet Earth is covered by the titanic Pacific struggle, the game is massive in scope, covering thousands of ships tens of thousands of aircraft.
Views: 1713 thehistoricalgamer
The successful surprise attack by the Japanese on America's Pearl Harbor was a painful humiliation to the United States Navy. One more large-scale defeat might have crippled the fleet beyond repair, leaving the US mainland itself dangerously vulnerable. By comparison the Japanese were brimming with confidence. Their fleet was large, experienced and still undefeated. This state of affairs meant that the next confrontation would almost certainly be seminal. Another rout by the Japanese would leave America's own Western shores vulnerable to an attack or even more unthinkable -- an invasion. Fortunately, American Naval cryptographers were on the job. They had broken Japan's infamous JN-25 Code, but they still weren't sure if a location they heard referred to as "AF" referenced Midway Island as the location for the next Japanese attack. In the spring of 1942, Japanese intercepts began to make references to a pending operation at a place designated as "AF." The Americans believed "AF" might be Midway. Based on the information available, logic dictated that Midway would be the most probable place for the Japanese Navy to make its next move. But they had to be sure. If they were certain about the location, an enormous strategic advantage was gained. The US Navy would know where and when the next attack would be. So instead of being victims of another surprise, this time they might be the perpetrators. The American commanding officer of the Midway installation was instructed to send a message in the clear indicating that the installation's water distillation plant had suffered serious damage and that fresh water was needed immediately. Shortly after that an intercepted Japanese intelligence report stated simply: "AF is short of water." Now America knew everything. Armed with that information and Admiral Chester Nimitz's indomitable fighting fleet, everything changed. A decisive victory was scored while the Japanese lost the cream of their battle-tested Navy pilots, four aircraft carriers, more than 260 airplanes, and more than 3,000 men. The tide had shifted and the Japanese reign over the Pacific, which only seemed to be beginning, was suddenly, swiftly and terribly ended forever. At the heart of Midway were two proud Navies fighting for control of a vast ocean. The museum features scale models of some of the great ships that fought on, and in some cases disappeared into, the Pacific during that world-changing battle.
Views: 797 National Cryptologic Museum Foundation
Sarah Coppock, officer of the deck at the time of the incident was given a letter of reprimand and three months of half-pay despite her part in the deaths of 7 sailors. Original livestream: #153 1-15-19 $3,000 Worth Of Hamburgers To Troll The Libs: Priceless https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6npPcPnKBns (Tuesday 15th of January 2019) Support the show Paypal: [email protected] (Kevin Michael Grace) Paypal: [email protected] (Luke Ford) https://www.streamlabs.com/lukeisback Twitter: https://twitter.com/KMGVictoria https://twitter.com/lukeford
Views: 276 薄熙来
Veterans of the epic battle that changed the course of World War II in the Pacific share their stories. Participants include battle of Midway veterans Captain John Crawford (USS Yorktown), John Hancock (USS Yorktown), Jack Holder (Flight Engineer at Midway), and Bill Norberg (USS Enterprise). Also featuring George Walsh, historian of the Battle of Midway and dive bomber pilot during Word War II. Learn more about the American Veterans Center: http://www.americanveteranscenter.org/
Views: 585 American Veterans Center
Milan Vego, "Major Fleet vs Fleet Operations in the Pacific War, 1941-1945," Eight Bells Book Lecture, Naval War College Museum, Feb. 18, 2016. This is a study of three major naval operations of World War II. These three, initiated by imperial Japan, resulted in the battles of the Coral Sea, Midway/Aleutians, and the Philippine Sea. Along with ample background on geographic and strategic context, Dr. Vego gives detailed accounts of the unfolding actions, utilizing much primary-source material from American and Japanese archives. Finally, and most valuably, Dr. Vego identifies lessons learned for naval operational art, lessons of more than historical interest for today's U.S. Navy. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 3336 usnavalwarcollege
Some industry experts suggested that a combination of high-speed data-links and low-frequency phased-array radars could generate a weapons quality track. State-run Chinese media is claiming that the People’s Liberation Army has been able to track the U.S. Air Force’s Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor stealth fighters over the East China Sea. While the Chinese report might be easily dismissed as propaganda—it is not beyond the realm of possibility. In fact—it’s very possible that China can track the Raptor. Stealth is not a cloak of invisibility, after all. Stealth technology simply delays detection and tracking. Read More : https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/stealth-shocker-china-claims-it-can-track-air-force-f-22-raptors-42152
Views: 688 Daily US Military
Lt Gen Thomas P. Stafford, USAF (Ret.) delivers the morning keynote at the 2013 U.S. Naval History Conference in Annapolis, MD.
Views: 399 U.S. Naval Institute
NEWPORT, R.I. (Jan. 4, 2017) Janine A. Davidson (left), undersecretary of the Navy, Lindsay P. Cohn, professor of national security affairs at U.S. Naval War College (NWC), and Adm. William F. Moran, vice chief of naval operations, participate in a roundtable discussion on civilian-military relations during an event held at NWC. The discussion was conducted as part of the college’s Evening Lecture Series and served as an opportunity for students, faculty and staff to discuss the two sides of the civilian-military coin with senior Navy leadership.
Views: 1420 usnavalwarcollege
Part of our series of live engagements, IWC Self Synchronization Live hosts CAPT Greg Emery, Deputy Director, Maritime Operations Center, CNMOC/CTG 80.7 and Commanding Officer, NR Navy Information Operations Command Georgia, and CDR John Smaha, N2, CNMOC/CTG 80.7. Our guests bring together 3 IWC Communities: METOC, Intelligence, and Cryptology!
Views: 358 IWC Self Synchronization
NEWPORT, R.I. -- A panel of scholars discuss sea power and maritime strategy at the 65th annual Current Strategy Forum at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, June 18, 2014. Panelists: - Vice Adm. John P. Currier, U.S. Coast Guard - Mr. Frank Hoffman, National Defense University - Vice Adm. John G. Morgan Jr., U.S. Navy - Dr. Kori N. Schake, Stanford University Moderator: - Mr. Peter Swartz, Center for Naval Analyses ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government.
Views: 1401 usnavalwarcollege
Assistant Secretary John Kirby, "The Information Environment Today," Lecture of Opportunity, U.S. Naval War College, May 5, 2016. Bio: John Kirby was appointed as the Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Public Affairs on December 11, 2015. Prior to that he served as the Spokesperson for the Department of State. Kirby previously served as Pentagon Press Secretary, serving for more than a year as the chief spokesman for the Department of Defense and for former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel. He retired from the Navy in May 2015 with the rank of Rear Admiral. Kirby was commissioned in September 1986 after completing Officer Candidate School at Newport, R.I. He qualified as a surface warfare officer aboard the guided-missile frigate USS Aubrey Fitch (FFG 34). As a public affairs officer, Kirby served at sea aboard the aircraft carrier USS Forrestal (CV 59) and on the staff of the Commander, U.S. 2nd Fleet, embarked aboard the command and control ship USS Mount Whitney (LCC 20). While ashore, Kirby completed tours as an instructor at the U.S. Naval Academy; public affairs officer with the Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron (Blue Angels); editor-in-chief of the Navy's Flagship monthly magazine, All Hands; the staffs of the Chief of Naval Personnel, U.S. Naval Forces Europe, Chief of Naval Operations, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Media Operations. Kirby also served as the U.S. Navy's Chief of Information (CHINFO), serving as the principal spokesman for the Department of the Navy and providing strategic communication counsel to the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations. As CHINFO, he led the Navy's public affairs community consisting of more than 2,700 active and reserve officer, enlisted and civilian communication professionals. John Kirby grew up in St. Petersburg, Fla., graduating from St. Petersburg Catholic High School in 1981. He is a 1985 graduate of the University of South Florida in Tampa, Fla., where he received a Bachelor's degree in History. He holds a Master of Science degree in International Relations from Troy State University and a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College. ***** Disclaimer: The views expressed are the speaker's own and may not necessarily reflect the views of the Naval War College, the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or any other branch or agency of the U.S. Government. (U.S. Navy video by Daniel S. Marciniak/RELEASED)
Views: 935 usnavalwarcollege